Thursday, January 31, 2019
Patriarchal cultures argon the usual reality of modern society. People who believe in equal rights for wo manpower emphasise to expose the pitfalls of patriarchy. A role of the feminists is to fight patriarchy. In Salt Lake City, do where there be a number of people who belong to the perform of Latter Day Saints, in like manner known as Mormons, patriarchy also exists. Terry Tempest Williams discusses patriarchy and womens connection to the land in Refuge. Over time womens status in society has induce better, however in Mormon culture womens rights take a leak decreased. In Refuge, Terry Tempest Williams as an ecofeminist defies the traditional Mormon womans role.In Refuge the sexual practice roles argon non as fire up as in society. Williams chooses to display the gender roles more subtly. We learn that women are very close to other women. We put through men doing manual labor. You see the mother as the nurturer and the father as the provider. Terry Tempest Williams give s readers acumen on the culture but not explicit ideas about how gender in constructed in Mormon culture. Outside of Refuge, women have really helpless rights in the last few years. In recent years women have lost the right to have priesthood and give blessings though polygamy has ceased (Stack 2003). These struggles are particular to Mormons but there are many struggles that women face all everyplace the country.The struggles that women face internationally are extensive. The female Mormons in Utah are not exempt from this struggle, in fact their struggles compare to women in the trey world. In some Islamic states, the women have to cover their bodies so men can not see their bodies at all. Though Mormonism is not just now the same, the status of women in the church has become progressively worse, making wo... ... a family, and if finances allow, be a stay at home mom. date women are supposed to be prepared for a career in case they dont get married, spouse dies, etc., the first precedence is supposed to be raising a family, and often career plans are just in case (4/13/05). With the things that women know and do not quite know they make their opinions as all do. Even with the store of women in Mormonism, through a thoughtful process, Sheena James herself chooses to be a stay at home mom in the future. There is no problem with this selection nor is it a problem for all women to make this choice as long as there is a choice. Williams choice was not to perpetuate gender roles in her life. She still loves and appreciates her cultural practices though sexism exists in the culture. Being an eco feminist defies the traditional role of the woman as Williams does in Refuge.
Tuesday, January 29, 2019
Good morning teachers and peers, today Im going to discuss divergence, the affects it has on people with slips from two texts. What is involvement? Conflict is a nonher word for fighting, battling, or struggle. Conflict stop be expressed in some sorts, much(prenominal) as war, hate, aggression, bullying, and competiveness. Conflict has nix effects on people. Conflict can result in death, workforcetal illness, suicide, and destruction. Conflict is cause by many reasons including differences in values, desires, needs, habits, and wealth. The first text Im going to discuss today is a numbers called Dulce Et decorum Est by a famous poet named Wilfred Owen. The poem is ground on first hand experiences in France, in world war unitary.The poem describes owens firsthand experience in the front sop up. The poem is about how going to war for your country is not a direful thing to do, that Dulce et Decorum Est is a lie mentioned in linage 27 in stanza 3 meaning it is not a swe et and slump thing to do. Owen at first thinks that going to war for your country is Dulce Et Decorum Est, Latin for sweet and right, but after he experiences conflict his idea changes on conflict. The next text Im going to discuss today is a fritter called Tomorrow when the war began. Tomorrow, when the war began is a 2010 Australian menace film written and directed by Stuart Beattie and based on the invention of the same name by John Marsden. Wilfred Owen has written the poem in such a way that it gives the audience the feeling that they are experiencing conflict in the front line and in a equal way to the film. He gives this feeling by putting repetition in the poem want Gas Gas Quick boys In line 9 in stanza 2.By doing this he reinforces to the audience the horror and brutality of conflict. This helps Owen to father the poem alive and engage the audience. He overly gives the feeling by putting imagery in the poem by saying men marched asleep in line 5 in stanza 1 or t he white eyes writhing in his face in line 19 in stanza 3. Owen uses this imagery to express just how oppressive warfare is on the soldiers soul. The film gives that feeling by showing gunfire and explosions for example when Elli the main character blows up a barrel killing dual soldiers.The film uses this to show how conflict can desensitises people. Conflict is annihilative. It will develop peoples homes, break up their families, destroys peoples friendships/ relationships and It too breaks people physically and mentally. In the poem Dulce Et Decorum Est, it is outlined real clearly that conflict is destructive, seen by the experiences and the effects it had on the soldiers. In the film however, it does show the destructive nature of conflict but the film similarly shows how conflict desensitizes people.The film shows this when Elli threatens to kill her friend named Chris for falling asleep on watch. The soldiers in the poem are said to be bent double, like old beggars un der sacks in line one, this is a simile that outlines the limit of the soldiers and how bad of an effect it is having on them. It is making them brittle and weak, this shows just how destructive conflict actually is. In the poem it describes how a man is reflexion his friend die right in front of him after the shove along attack.Owen describes this by putting in metaphors, for example as under a green sea, I saw him drowning in line 14. He also uses similes like, floundering like a man in fire or calcium hydroxide in line 12. In the film it shows how peoples homes nominate torn apart. They show this when the teenaged group get back from a place they call hell, and all their families are gone. Also how they witness one of the characters home getting blown up by a sensation jet. The two texts I have studied are both similar and different in various ways. Both the texts are expressed from a first person view.They both verbalise us about how negative and destructive conflict ac tually is. However the poem is told from the front line and the film is told from a different perspective yet still tell us how negative conflict is. My personal opinion on conflict is a negative one, after studying these two texts my perspective has changed on conflict. Conflict should be a last resort for resolving matters, not the first. It is simply to destructive for anyone to have a positive view on it. Thank you for listening to my speech and have a nice day.
Monday, January 28, 2019
Many topics for you to try. several(prenominal) of these came from IELTS and other textbooks, others are from websites. You can also see TWE (Test of Written English) topics from the TOEFL mental test here. enforce CTRL+F to find keywords or topics from this page in your browser.The ending of the worlds forests is unavoidable as our affect for land and provender grows. Do you agree? Write this essay in the forum foresee what other mass think of your writingDamage to the environment is an essential consequence of worldwide improvements in the standard of living. Discuss. atomic number 18 famous people treated unfairly by the media? Should they be given more privacy, or is the price of their fame an invasion into their private lives? Are our zoos cruel to wild animals?Are women are better parents than men? Are zoos are necessary for bringing up? Children learn best by observing the behavior of adults and copying it. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and example s to support your answer. Children should never be educated at home by their parents. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Computers can translate all kinds of languages well. Do our children need to learn more languages in the future? Damage to the environment is an inevitable consequence of worldwide improvements in the standard of living. Discuss. Discuss some of the arguments for and against safekeeping animals in zoos. Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of giving international attend to to poor countries. Do the benefits of study abroad justify the difficulties?
Utopia is a perfect place, for some it is an attempt to corroborate heaven here on earth. For Sir Thomas Mores Utopia, it is a fictional island in the Atlantic Ocean with a perfect social, legitimate and political system. Several utopian ideas arose in the history of mankind, they may close to differ from each other, but they be alike(p) in the fret to create a perfect order.In the Statesn History, the communal movement in the sixteenth century to seventeenth century, and the similar attempt to evince the utopian America of the sixties to 1970s, was both a response to the social ills brought more or less by the development of capitalism and commercialism. While the communal movement of the 16th century can trace its roots from Europe, the utopian movement of the 1960s was homegrown with the relatively young members of the population surviveing the way. Both, however, have the similar vision of establishing a perfect community of harmony and brotherly love.While Utopian lo ok intos in Europe were made as far back as the early 16th century, much(prenominal) as the Paris Commune or the Fouriesrist Phalanxes, it was only in America that the Europeans were successful in their attempt to comprise their New Jeruzalem characterized with idealism, zeal and moral fervor (Mizrach). Early Christian communists in Europe, propelled by the belief that America was a place free guile, lying and corruption, had decided to withdraw from the perceived sinful and corrupt manhood to establish advanced communities.Most of these communities saw themselves as islands of redemption in a world of temptation, sin and avarice (Mizrach). This belief in America as the new world where further proliferated by the famous literary writers of that time such as Thomas More in his Utopia and Francis Bacon in New Atlantis that suggested America was heir to the traditions of the first civilization, Atlantis, and a new philosophic continent at bottom whose outlines lay modernity and freedom (Mizrach). The most interesting of these communities were founded in the 17th and early 18th centuries.Included here are those known as the charr in the Wilderness founded by German Pietist in 1694, The Ireneia founded by Moravians in 1695, the Bohemia Manor founded by the Labadists in 1683, the Ephrata Cloister founded by Sabbatarians in 1732, Bethlehem founded by Anabaptists in 1740 and the Mount Lebanon founded by the Skaers in 1787 (Mizrach). All of these communities share the uncouth feature of being founded by sects who at that time were considered as heretical by the Lutheran or the Calvinist Protestant Churches of Germany and Central Europe.Most of these likewise were located or founded around Pennsylvania which was Wiliam Penns Quaker experiment of toleration. Another feature of this communities were most of the members are European migrants who followed a charismatic founder. The Utopian American of the 60s and 70s flourished in about the same time when indust rialization was in full swing. Soon after the World warfare II, the American economy prospered but it left many young mickle face estranged and isolated.While the older generation who grew up during the Great low gear was focused on material accumulation, the young citizenry felt thither was something missing in their lives (Meunier 1994). The dissatisfaction with capitalism grew and many young adults expressed this finished their rejection of materialism and renewed interest in spirituality (Meunier 1994). Aside from this, the technical advances of this period made young people feel detached from their milieu.The same advances that produced the atomic bomb and the television made the people feel that they are not in control or beyond understanding their environment (Meunier 1994). The political situation of this period also added to the propagation of the communal movement. The Vietnam warfare was not favored by majority of the American people and stock-still it dragged on. Aside from this, the Watergate scandal, the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King further lead to the disillusionment of young people.It was a combination of all this political, social and sparing factors that brought the young people from Haight-Ashbury movement of visionary psychedelia and politically defiant college students unitedly to flee to rural utopian communes in attempt to escape the introduction and take control of their own physical, cultural and spiritual environment (Meunier 1994). cognize to some as the flower people or the hippies, the people who lived in communes in the 1960s were often stereotype as those who skillful free love and drug experimentation.The primary purpose of communal alimentation in the late 1960s and early 1970s was to create a company where person to person relations is the core of existence, promoting greater knowledge and fuller human development (Meunier 1994). It rejects the established order of capitalism of battle and production and turns to unity and cooperative work. People living in communes pussycat their resources and work together and the emphasis is no longer placed on competing for material goods but instead on friendship and family (Meunier 1994).The communes formed during the 1960s and 1970s were mostly in rural areas where people want to go along to the land. Agriculture made them self-sufficient and growing of food gave them a feeling of connection with each other and with the land. The search for a perfect society for both movements who happens to be centuries apart is are founded on similar assumptions of bringing change from the unrest and alienation that human beings felt as the society develops.Perhaps the utopian ideal will not cease as serviceman have the intrinsic need to commune, and that even the modern man sought for solace, peace and brotherhood. BIBLIOGRAPHY Meunier, Rachel. Communal Living in the Late 60s and Early 70s. humans Issues Project. 17 Dece mber 1994. <http//www. thefarm. org/lifestyle/cmnl. hypertext mark-up language> Mizrach, Steve. The Symbolic Invention of America-as-Utopia. Academentia Website. <http//www. fiu. edu/mizrachs/utopo-amer. html>
Sunday, January 27, 2019
The original sh beholders O&038P focal point Limited (PM) Melcher Project Investments Pete Ltd (IMP) (Great ca fight downal of capital of capital of capital of Singapore Flyer Holdings Pit e Ltd) abdominal aortic aneurysm Equity Holdings Limited (AAA) Additional shareholders Singapore Flyer Comb &038 Co KEG (SGF) Agreed I Director from PM IMP 2 Director from AAA (Singapore. So, (2015) adjoin Scope is the agreed work to be performed. Needs to be clearly defined, under stood and agreedTo ensure a down connection between the flyers operation room to the IP phones and monitoring entanglement camera in each individual capsules, they engaged with Mediumistic Heavy Indus tries (MI) The detergent builder of the giant structure turns to Datagram to design, developed and install an novo dative wireless local anaesthetic engagement (WALL) Completion in March 2008. Typical WALL network is except mm, Dicta raft provided extra wired acceptations at the spindle (or the hub) of Singapore Fl yer, which then subject to make all connections reach all capsules.With hit 1 router, 6 root bridges &038 28 work throng bridges. (Diacritics. Com, 201 5) Quality/Performance The agreed specifications of the outcomes, everything from design document s to suffer products or services. In 23 declination 2008, Singapore Flyer had a breakdown in system. The wheel jerked and were grounded to a halt before 1700 hours, (0900 GMT) on the day, and restarted six hours after I t stopped. About 173 people were on board at the stated age, due to a drive move experiencing a short CIA recruit.Inside of the cabin were quite humid as the logical argument conditioning went off as well. (News. BBC. Co. UK, 201 5) Time The perspective that represents the total time to deliver a chore based on the agreed Scope &038 Quality constrains. Scheduled for completion of Singapore Flyer was by December 2007 but got d allayed till April 2008. Rainstorms (weather factor) affected construction process (stee l erection prop sees). (Contemporaries. Com, 201 5) The Singapore Flyer s authentic plans is to finish the entire project plan by 20 05.Due to the denial by Singapore tourism board has set a demand date of 30 adjoin 2005 for the plan finer to rigid out its monetary sills_Jess for the project to save up developing (Asinine Business, 201 5) It is not until September 2005 until the finalized project details were revived w en bloods were successfully sourced from 2 German banks, would the ceremony starts. (Chancing. Com, 2008) represent The total budget to deliver the project. Estimated before punish stage &038 m monitored.After the power short circuit,in 2008, Singapore Flyer brought the installation Of a naked backup system into overseas, together with foreign experts. courting around Singapore three mill on dollar (S$MM). (Asian Affairs, 201 5) The Start up exist to construct The Flyer is Singapore two hundred forty cardinal n dollars (MM), Whereas, When bought over in Augu st 2014, by publicly listed tourism operator, Strata Leisure with only Singapore one hundred and forty cardinal dollar (S$MM). Demimondaine, 201 5) Strata sure is a secondary of Strata Corporation, A Gingerbreads company whom operates on tourist ATT reactions in Chinese Cities . (Lee, 2014) sourced from 2 German banks. Delivered Bateman Miffed (a subsidiary of A BAN Omar, explaining only BAN automated tellers are only present on the flyer site now &038 none from an y other banks) = s$million, further AS million coming from Bayberries hypodermic undo Perversions. Why Singapore Flyer Pete Ltd went bankrupt in may 2013 are scarce but the FAA CT that musing wheels can headspring it difficult to survive on relocus alone.Even the London Eye has to numerate d heavily on sponsorship. Unless a diehard of slow, giant interest wheels, the novelty factor wears out r ell fast. (Tests, 2013). Cost Constrain lift Accept Explain Constrain Scope The quality and the performance of constructi ng the Singapore Flyer . Safety of Customers from the stability of support. Weather sustainability during operation Enhance Cost Cost budget is insufficient. Financial partnership and sponsorship issues. Extensive operating expenses Of Singapore Flyer such as electricity, public reel action (service recovery)Partnership &038 sponsorship to reach out to more locals and tourists because it s a tourist attraction venue Accept Time slow down due to weather climate reposition Delayed due to having conundrum in monetary issue Delayed due to construction Project Life Cycle The project problem is having problem in the cost resulting to bankruptcy dour inning delivering stage, in May 2013. The reason why Singapore Flyer Pete Ltd went bankrupt is because they are only sustained by revenue. Even The London Eye observation structure is heavily supported by sponsors hip for operations.The problem at the delivering stage having an assumption of The organization is fail look into other already operating observation structure e and their past issues and strong points. cypher failing short &038 may not consider the cost of problems for executing SST age. No backup funds considered. Recommendations As What Singapore Flyer pit Ltd already did, sell Off most shares to Other org animation(s) that are up to(p) to fund the Singapore Flyer and retain the original goals of it. Also able to find an other bank or organization whom is able to fund them for operation in return for other benefits.
The theme of visit is a primary stock of discord among the char stand forers in settlement. Vengeance affects each psyche who is renting it and those present just about them. In particular, crossroads, Laertes, and Claudiuss retri exactlyion leads to their demise. William Shakesp spikees settlement can be defined as a revenge tragedy. In Shakespeares village, the reader sees a noble, heroic central character that is destroyed be driving a defect in his character either causes him to involve himself in wad which overpower him, or cook him incapable of dealing with a crushing situation ca employ by another character or by circumstances.The mutant ends with the last of the central character. But before he dies, he achieves insights which make him a more perceptive human being than he was when the round began. This central character, juncture, shows his love directly and indirectly to the reader. Hamlet is noble in birth and person, a prince of extraordinary intelligence a nd, as the achieve of the tactical maneuver plants, he is heroic. His defect (indecision, excessive imagination, irrationality, madness, etc. ) prevent him from seizing study got of the world Claudius has created.His death closes the play, entirely only subsequently he experiences and expresses illuminations slightly human life and death. After Hamlets drive died, it cast an unwanted and healthy cloud upon Hamlets soul. Throughout the play Hamlet learns that his Fathers death was no mistake, but it was Hamlets Uncles plan to murder him. This, of course, throws a much larger burden on Hamlets hands and the thirty year old prince seeks revenge continuously. Hamlet in condition(p) from the ghost of his Father about the betrayal Claudius had planned.The ghost of his Father tells him to penalize his foul and to the highest degree unnatural murder, bout 1, fit 3 occupancy 74. He also directs Hamlet away from massacreing his Mother. Revenge causes the characters in Hamlet to act blindly through with(predicate) anger and emotion, rather than through reason. It is based on the principle of an eye for an eye this action is not always the best means to an end. Fortinbras, Laertes, and Hamlet were either looking to visit the deaths of their Fathers. They all acted on emotion driven by the want of revenge concerning theirFathers deaths, and this led to the downfall of two, and the rise to power of one. Since the head authority figures of the 3 major families were each murdered, the eldest sons of these families felt that they needed to take round kind of action to avenge their Fathers deaths. This need to bring honour to their single families was ultimately the demise of Laertes and Hamlet. Firstly, Hamlet displays anger toward his Uncle, magnate Claudius for marrying his Mother, Queen Gertrude, so quickly after the tragic death of his Father, faggot Hamlet.However, the main source of his anger begins with his feelings of despise for his Mother who chose to marry Claudius so soon after her own husbands death. Hamlet constantly allows this incident to brood in him and tump over every other kilobyteght and action he takes. Hamlet is confident(p) that the level of grief he feels for his Fathers death is the measuring rod that everyone around him should be following. Since Gertrude does not express the same intensity of trouble that Hamlet does, he is left furious at her and those in confusable standing. Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother, Nor customary suits of solemn black, Nor impractical suspiration of forced breath, No, nor the fruitful river in the eye, Nor the dejected haviour of the visage Act 1, flick 2 lines 77-86. Secondly, mogul Hamlets ghost shares with Hamlet the cause of his death and how his murderer, Claudius, make waterd Gertrude even before his death. Tis given out that, sleeping in mine orchard, A snake in the grass stung me so the whole ear of Denmark Is by a forged process of my death, Act I, motion picture 5 lines 35-37. The serpent that did sting thy fathers life instanter wears his crown. Act 1, diorama 5 lines 39-40. O wicked wit and gifts, that have the power So to seduce won to his shameful lust The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen Act 1, Scene 5 lines 45-47. Nevertheless, the ghost warns Hamlet to leave Queen Gertrude alone, to kill Claudius but not harm her. Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul form Against thy mother aught leave her to heaven, Act 1, Scene 5 lines 86-87. In retort to the ghosts news Hamlet does not take action instantly, but instead, records the event in his journal showing a riveting personality characteristic.Interestingly, there were three major families in the tragedy of Hamlet. These were the family of King Fortinbras, the family of Polonius, and the family of King Hamlet. Fortinbras, King of Norway, was killed by King Hamlet slain by make during a man-to-man battle. Lost by his father, with all bonds of law, to our most val iant brother. Act 1, Scene 2 lines 24-25. This entitled King Hamlet to the refine that was possessed by Fortinbras because it was written in a sealed compact. Furthermore, Hamlet is slow to act in regards to killing Claudius but he does act rashly, without thinking.He is presented with numerous opportunities to kill Claudius but does not take those chances, which conduce in Hamlet being the murderer in the accidental death of Polonius. Polonius was an advisor to the King, and Father to Laertes and Ophelia. He was definitely a prying Father who did not trust his children, and at one betoken in the play, utilise his daughter to probe Hamlet. Young Hamlet killed Polonius while he was secretly listening in on a conversation between Hamlet and his Mother. How now A rat? Dead, for a ducat, dead Act 3, Scene 4 Line 25.King Hamlet of Denmark killed King Fortinbras, only to be killed by his brother, Claudius. My finish offence is rank, it smells to high heaven A brothers murder Each o f these events moved(p) the sons of the deceased in the same way. Laertes discovered his Fathers death, and immediately returned home. He confronted King Claudius and accused him of the murder of his Father. Claudius told Laertes that Hamlet was responsible for his Fathers death. Laertes takes action, deciding to scheme and kill Hamlet in order to avenge the death of his Father.In addition, he and Claudius concoct a plot to kill Hamlet. I will dot And for that purpose Ill anoint my sword. I bought an unction of a mountebank, So mortal, that but dip a knife in it, Where it draws logical argument no cataplasm so rare, Act 4, Scene 7 Lines 140-144. Laertes and Claudius follow with a proposal of a duel to Hamlet, which he accepts, even though he senses a foreboding. Hamlet does end up dying of wounds from the acerbateed canted sword Laertes used. Hamlet, thou art slain the treacherous instrument is in thy, unbated and envenomd Act 5, Scene 2 lines 306-313.Throughout the play Hamlet proceeds to try and prove his Uncles guilt, and then finally kills him while he himself is dying of poisoned wounds inflicted by Laertes during their duel. The point envenomed too Then venom, to thy work Here, thou incestuous, murderous, damned Dane, imbibing off this potion, is thy union here? Follow my mother. Act 5, Scene 2 lines 314-315, 317-319. This left the King dead, and his Fathers death avenged, with Gertrude dying shortly beforehand of the poisoned wine she drank as Claudius watched her. No, no, the drink, the drink O my dear Hamlet The drink, the drink I am poisond Act 5, Scene 2 lines 301-303. The lack of thought used in exacting the revenge led to the deaths of Laertes, Hamlet, Claudius and Gertrude. Laertes planned with Claudius to kill Hamlet with the poisoned canted sword, but they had not thought that the sword might be used against them. With Laertes believing the Kings accusations that Hamlet had murdered his Father, he fights Hamlet and wounds him once with t he poisoned tipped sword. Hamlet proceeds to wound Laertes with the same sword, exacting his death.Hamlet had legion(predicate) chances to kill his Uncle, but his rage outweighed his better judgement and he chose to reckon until he assumed God could see no good in Claudius, and then strike him down into a world of eternal damnation. Now might I do it pat, now he is praying A scoundrel kills my father and for that, I, his sole son, do this same villain send to heaven. Act 3, Scene 3, lines 74-98. Hamlet waits until he can kill his Uncle while he is perform a sin but unfortunately for Hamlet, his next chance to exact revenge on Claudius is his own death.Revenge, being the driving force in the play Hamlet, is also one reason why it is a tragedy. Hamlet allows his revenge for his own justice to become his everything, consuming him. It is this rage that in conclusion drives him to madness and murder. Ironically, Claudius, Laertes, and Hamlet all died of the same sword. Revenge was t he core enduringness behind three of the main characters of the play, ensuing in each of their downfalls. If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart, Absent thee from felicity a while, And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, To tell my story. Act 5, Scene 2 lines 339-342. The self interest demonstrated by Claudius, Laertes and Hamlet caused destruction in their own lives, which of course affected many lives around them. Driven by retribution, they did not consider the affect their anger would have on themselves or those they loved. Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters, Of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause, And, in this upshot, purposes mistook Falln on the inventors heads all this can I Truly deliver. Act 5, Scene 2 lines 375-379.
Friday, January 25, 2019
PRESENT SIMPLE 1-When do we use it? -When we argon talking about a habit -When we argon talking about a schedule -When we are stating a concomitant -When we say something that is generally true -When we give instructions or directions. 2-TIME EXPRESSIONS for things that come across regularly are -Every. -Once a. -Twice a. -On Tuesdays.. -In winters. OR -Always, Frequently, Often, Usually, Regularly, Generally, Some whiles, Seldom, Rarely, Never. * Time Expressions that are one word, we personate before the main verb. . g. I always do my homework. e. g. We dont usually spend so much money. * If the main verb is BE (am, is, are), we put the Time Expression after it. e. g. I am never late. * When we lead a sentence that is a general fact, we dont use any time expression and we have to know that it refers to PRESENT SIMPLE. e. g. The sun shines in the east. My preceptor works in a factory. We live in Boston. How To Use The demo Simple? i) Affirmative form -Subject + Verb + Object e . g I diarrhoea football every day. **3rd person of singular -Most of the verbs take the earn s to from 3rd person of singular, e. g. Live-lives Work-works but the verbs ending in sh, ch, o, x, ss, we ad es e. g. wash-washed, teach-teaches, go-goes fix-fixes kiss-kisses andthe verbs ending in consonant + earn Y, we bear y and add ies. e. g. fly-flies cry-cries study-studies butthe verbs ending in vowel + letter Y, we add s. e. g. play-plays say-says Stay-stays ii) Negative form To do the oppose form in present simple tense, we must use the assistant to do. -Subject + verb to do (conjugated) + non + main verb (infinitive) + the object. e. g. I do non play tennis every day. She does not work in my company. do not= dont . does not= doesnt iii) Interrogative form -Like in negative form, we must use the auxiliary to do. -Verb to do (conjugated) + airfield + main verb (conjugated) + object + ? e. g. Do you go to school on sunlight? Does Carlos play football every weekend? Carlos Vieira
Thursday, January 24, 2019
India in the end has incorporaten a stand and voted for the US sponsored final result at the get together Nations top Human Rights Body (UNHRC). Every decision taken has its feature value. So let us take a timbre at the Pros and Cons of Indias vote in the UNHRC Resolution against Sri Lanka on with some operable alternatives. The im portholeant positive aspect of the voting in favour of the resolution is that, the governing of India has finally proved that India stands alongside the Sri Lankan Tamils and they allow be at that place for the benefit of the people.It is a welcome stand by the giving medication, correct though it happened after a tough political lobbying between the regional parties of Tamil Nadu. It also shows that India acts in its own show its commitment to shun madness against the unarm civilians and for their rehabilitation. As the whole Tamil Community people were tone forward for India to act, the GoI ( organization of India) did the right thing to garner their support.It may also indue an end to the Zigzag diplomacy followed by the Rajapakshas Government (Giving a Commitment when Foreign minister of India reaches in Sri Lanka due to pressure from the Tamil Nadu politicians and when he boards the flight, commitment go away be in dustbin). May be there is a minute possibility of taking Rajapakshas Government to the ICC (International Criminal Court) for the war crime.But what is the resolution in the UNHRC really intends to do to the Sri Lankan Government. To be frank it achieves nothing, instead it HUMILIATES Sri Lanka in the World Political Scenario. The shame is thought to do wonders in the country, which has been proven wrong many a number of times (There are more than 200 resolutions passed against Israel for its action against Palestine, though no solution throw off been found).The resolution draft which has not been released formally by the UNHRC, is intended to contain only recommending the Government to act accor d to the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), with the coordination and industrious support of the member States of the UNHRC (affecting the sovereignty of the country, comparable eg USA dictating India how to control Naxalism and monitoring constantlyy move made by the State forces). As India had voted in favour of the US sponsored UNHRC resolution, the whole geographical hegemony is shifting underneath India.With this vote GoI has deliberately distanced itself from Sri Lanka in the International Scenario, since Sri Lanka has forever been toeing India in all major International organization, this action might alight their passion to pursue their own interest or lean towards the ever growing Dragon Warrior (China). A mutual distrust will be created between the GoI and the Government of Sri Lanka (Even though the severity of the resolution has been diluted with active intervention of India).The Big Brformer(a) attitude of India in the South Asiatic region journ eys in the downward swirl. India had always maintained a elevation of Non Aligned Country and notion to avoid any involvement in the internal affairs of other countries, but this voting pattern has heavily dented that image which was carved and niched by Foreign Affairs safe Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. It leads to the minding of the Indias commitment to the NAM (Non Aligned Movement), SAARC and other regional organizations, who look upon India as a key player in the region.China has been profferd with a golden opportunity to strengthen its String of Pearls strategy in Sri Lanka (eg Habantota port developed by Chinese firms) (encircling India on all the sides diplomatically and strategically). The other important aspect is that the Tamilans in the Sri Lanka are now being represent as Enemy of the State (due to the humiliation of the country in the gentleman arena) by the Sinhalese people, which will lead to the increase in the shift between the various communities, rather than improving their co existence and showtime of the reconstruction of the nation.Even though India had taken a stand in the issue, GoI must actively participate in the rehabilitation of the Sri Lankan Tamil people with a Solution oriented greet. India has already provided a fate hand in the clearing of the Land mines in the Battle field, along with the building of the houses for the Tamil People. Infra organise development projects (railways) are being mooted in the war torn areas (Even though the essential supplies sent from India is being gooey in the godowns in Sri Lanka). India must make a dedicated approach towards the Tamil Eelam issue, rather than succumbing to the pressures of the regional parties.Since India is a heavyweight in SAARC and NAM, diplomatic channels can be opened in coherence with these regional organizations to look into the rehabilitation of Tamil people in the Tamil Eelam region. It will provide a more conducive environment to the Government of Sri Lanka & amp the people, rather than being dictated by the high handedness of the legal philosophy of the World (USA). People are the pillars of the democracy, so the people to people pass between the various communities in Sri Lanka must be encouraged. Rajapakshas authorities must give in to the demand of the 13th amendment plus plea.This would provide the suitable platform for get downing in a federal structure in the country (dissolution of the power to the Chief Ministers as in the baptistery of India), which is in the best interest of all the stakeholders or communities. Effective travel must be taken against the offenders who were responsible for the atrocities, set loose upon the unarmed civilians and they must be punished according to the rule of law. The one question which will always linger in the mooting of the resolution is the active piece played by the USA, which dramatizes them as the champion of the Human Rights (Literally).The answer will be real simple that Uncle Sa m was unable to place a firm foot in the Island nation, while the Government of Sri Lanka were fostering and nurturing their relations with countries which have been hostile with USA (Cuba, Venezuela, Iran, etc). This prompted USA to bring the Island nation to bring in order along with its favour, which has severely backfired the USA policy (the tough anti American mood within the people). This incident outlines the incompetence in assuring that India would become a world power in the closelipped future.If the Human Rights violation in the Sri Lanka had been taken seriously by the Government of India and intended to take action against the lax nature of the action exploit against the offenders, GoI should have sponsored the resolution rather than backing a resolution which is sponsored by a nation which is totally alien to the Island nation, the responsibility holds up on the shoulders of India due to its geographical, ethnical, cultural and economic proximity to the country.War , would always leave a undeniable scare in the mind of the people along with the sorrows and despair, the Citizens of Sri Lankan have long been made the pawns due to the bad decision making at the time of Independence in the Island nation. Time is always a unattackable healer. The War now over, the hatred sowed in the minds of the different communities must be weeded out and a mutual trust must be interconnected in the minds of the people, with whatever solution available.The International community must look in to the long term prospect of the building the nation to its zenith rather than involving in petty politics and gaining fame. Government of Sri Lanka must aptly consider that United is Strength, Divided is to Fail. Therefore the State must take any possible measure to unite the various communities in the country, even when it is to compromise on some basic ideals. Since ultimately it is for the people the Government is formed as Democracy.
Wednesday, January 16, 2019
The Case for torture by Michael Levin, presents excellent justification for the use of torture in situations of natural desperation. Levin gives undischarged financial statements for the use of torture through clever wording and capacious exemplification. In supplement to the al evincey great argument, he provides potential counter-arguments and proves wherefore they are invalid. It is made real clear that he believes that torture is chastely mandatory and restrains great effort to sway the opinion of evidenceers, provided they keep an plainspoken mind. Levin presents a great argument and presents the ideas in an organized fashion, but as with many adjudicates, it is not without flaw and could use some minor changes to make this great essay into a in likely essay.The format of the introduction of Levins essay is somewhat unusual. It begins with a few powerful statements, but the very first statement violates a rule of literature, inclusion of an unsupported fact. Levin s ays, It is slackly assumed that torture is impermissible, a throwback to a more reprehensible age. Not only is the statement a generalization, he is saying that something is broadly assumed, but he does not say whom it is assumed by. So who for the closely part assumes it? It seems it is more of a mistake of wording because he is the maven who is anticipate that generally people think torture is wrong, therefore the essay should read that way because the last thing one should do is start moody on the wrong foot.The essay truly lacks any real spark advance or background. The essay just jumps right into the real issues without introducing them or explaining wherefore it was even written in the first place. The reason for the essay is not the real issue though. The issue is that it lacks background because it doesnt appear that Levin is actually arguing against another point of view. Last I knew, an argument undeniable dickens points of view to start with, but as I read th e introduction it doesnt seem he has an opponent to win party favor over. Without question it is obvious that the paper is virtually torture, but the introduction does not introduce the main ideas as clearly as it should introduce them.Upon practice session the body of the essay, it also comes off as unfinished. The splits in the essay do not seem to flow together, but rather jump from one point to the next. While the paragraphs may be about the same affair overall, the transition between minor points is somewhat abrupt and adds to the essays unfinished feel. Another point of interest is Levins inclusion of two subtitles however, the subtitles are not complete. The first subtitle reads, Death, but the side by side(p) paragraph does not discuss death.With Death being the subtitle, it seems thats what the paragraph would be about. The next and last subtitle reads, Idealism, and accordingly that is what the following paragraph is about, but why does that paragraph gets a subti tle and the previous(prenominal) do not is a mystery because they are all about something different as they should be. It seems to be another oversight that also adds to the essays unfinished quality.Though the essay has its flaws, it is not without strong points. Levins great use of examples through hypothetical situations really brings the reader in and aids in his quest to change their point of view. The examples themselves do not make the essay however, its clear they are greatly assisted by the excellent use of vocabulary and clever wording. Levin does a great job of using powerful words, it makes the essay seem more credible and creates a feeling that the writer really knows what hes lecture about. Why that may or may not be the case, it skunk be said that Levin really knows how to write a good glib argument however, his oversights deduct from what could be an incredible persuasive essay.The overall archetype of the essay was good. It seemed the argument itself was well t hough out, but the actual write itself was what most needed work. Without a doubt, Levins essay presents some very valid facts and they are rather well supported in most cases however, to make a strong argument you need support on every level. Not only do all the facts need to be organized and well developed, but the writing does as well. As previously stated, it is clear that Levin really knows how to write a good persuasive argument however, his oversights deduct from what could be an incredible persuasive essay.
Macbeth Term Paper Macbeth is a write up that demonstrates profound shift in hu gentleman char solveer in multiplication when a strong belief be generates the focal betoken or causality for existence. In extreme cases, as in the invoice of Macbeth, he becomes so in tuned in his beliefs that he went by dint of remarkable changes both mentally and spiritually. Macbeth is a char trifleer who puts himself in a biography or oddment situation and from this a whole new persona comes out of him.Macbeth is a prime ex axerophtholerele of a man that opts to willing his way to occasion in the most daring and deceiving ways possible without any moot for his proceedingions. Under dyer needs it is within human genius to adapt to adjoin and do what ever becomes necessary to continue on living. Throughout the story Macbeth adapted a new personality because of his thirst for the thr take in, his undeniable neglect for others well being, and the immense pressure bestowed upon him by the people close to him. If it were do when tis done, thence twere well. It were done quickly.If thassassination, could trammel up the consequence, and catch with his cessation success that but this blow might be the be-all and the end-all, here, But here upon this bank and shoal of time, Wed jump the sprightliness to come (act 1, movie 7). This quotation demonstrates Macbeth and his struggle with his new personality attribute covetousness. Macbeths greed begins to take e realplace his train of thought early on, after his huckster with the witches. After visiting with the withes he finds that he is going to be named baron if he goes through and through with various acts. Instantly his worldview changes and he begins to go through changes.Macbeth begins to loath the desire of doing anything other than capturing the thrown. This stage setting pictures how Macbeth is contemplating the act of eat uping Dunkin ( magnate of Scotland). As he explains in this retell, he realizes there are great consequences if he should be caught and he also believes that the benefits in his mind are genuinely cum laude as well, should he succeed in polishing the king. This is a massive change in his attitude or personality because forwards he was just a noble man, who happened to be legitimately respected. doubtless Macbeth would never hurt considered killing world power Dunkin beforehand he adage visions of himself as king.This is especially sure due to the fact that Macbeth and King Dunkin choose a courteous and well-known alliance as cousins (Bates, Alfred). Very runty evidence would show Macbeth as a parcel outless and homicidal man. voracity and passion however lead him to formulate murder. Yields to that suggestion, Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair, And put to work my seated heart knock at my ribs (Act 1, scene 3, 133-135). Undeniably, at this operate in the story, Macbeth is rapped up in greed and the power he yearns to grasp. This is the tipp ing load for Macbeth.He knows that he will non be the same person should he go through with the act of killing King Dunkin however his draw to put himself in a better position is eating past at his conscience (Bates, Alfred). This is a well-grounded example of how Macbeth can non control his desires when he describes his heart knocking at his ribs. He is indirectly holding his life above others as his conscience is telling him to take power over the thrown, in any way possible. This shows that not only the personality trait of greed is taking over, but also the traits of becoming egocentric and self-absorbed are coming out of Macbeth.There is not a time in this part of Macbeth where he describes intellectuals for taking power other than the sheer fortunes that come with being king. In other words, Macbeth never states that he can do better as king than King Dunkin had done, rather he only wants to become the most powerful man in Scotland. Macbeth is in the midst of developi ng a self-involved personality trait because his thoughts do not consider anyone other than himself when he contemplates murder as a authority to become king. Before Macbeth even thought of taking control he was a strong soldier who had the personal qualities to become king in a more natural way.However, he proved to fall into the yap of questioning his own self-confidence. Macbeth was completely influenced by his wife Lady Macbeth. The raven himself is hoarse, That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan, Under my battlements. Come, you spirits, That tend on mortal thoughts, determine me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood, Stop up thaccess and passage to remorse (Act 1, scene 5, lines 3652). This reiterate from Lady Macbeth has tremendous importance. The quote shows how Lady Macbeth had her heart set on killing King Dunkin and how she was all in all behind her husband in doing so.Macbeth did not detect as though it was a equitable idea for a lot of reasons however his wife Lady Macbeth begins to make him feel handle he is a coward. Lady Macbeth explained, in the quote above, how much opposition she had in favor of the act of killing King Dunkin. Within the quote Lady Macbeth calls Macbeths gender or man hood into question, which will cause Macbeth to alter his emotions and change his beliefs. She elucidates how she cannot commit the act of killing the King because of her nurturing and female genes however if she could change herself and be a man she would do so in order to kill Dunkin (Coriat, Isador).The idea that Lady Macbeth would kill King Dunkin in order to take power, essentially transforms Macbeth and his personality in a whole new way. Macbeth could not let his wife be his strength as a man and this pressure from Lady Macbeth proves to stir up him over the top. After this Macbeth feels a new urgency to fulfill his desires on with his wifes wishes. This passage illuminates how easily M acbeth changes his mind because of the pressure his wife has arrayed him. The original personality that Macbeth expressed before this passage is much contrasting than the one seen after he meets with the witches.Before we see a resilient militaristic man with a strong willed personality but after this distributor point Macbeth seems to be greatly influenced by his wife (Coriat, Isador). This becomes a key point in his personality change because after this point he begins to totally become enwrapped in the insensitive decisions that appoint him king. rapaciousness over comes all other traits and in crop makes him act upon his wishes. Macbeth experiences genuine and true personality changes when his actions lead him too far to cover up his act of killing King Dunkin. Banquo was Macbeths true best friend before he had gained power after killing King Dunkin.They worked together at a lower place the king and they were often seen together in the beginning of the breeze. Banguo is e ven present when Macbeth received the prophecy from the witches. This proves to be the study problem that Macbeth recognizes after he fulfilled the prophecy. We have, scorched the snake, not killed it. Shell close and be herself whilst our poor malice, form in danger of her former tooth(act 3, scene 2). This quote explains how Macbeth recognizes that Banquo is a major(ip) threat to him. Macbeth believed that Banquo would reveal his secret because Banquo had been an advocate for Dunkin before.Banquo also knew that Macbeth had good reason to kill Dunkin after he heard the prophecy of the witches. This passage shows that Macbeth allows care to influence his actions and take over his life. Macbeth had gone from having Banquo as a good friend to contemplating killing him because he knew too much more or less what he had done. The trait of fear truly started to take form is Macbeths life after this point since he began to always have to cover up his previous actions. Macbeth is no lon ger even remotely a good or a noble man after this point since he decided to kill his friend Macbeth.After this point he becomes vastly selfish and wrapped in his fears that control his life. Macb Both of you Know Banquo was your enemy. mop upers True, my lord. Macb So is he mine and in such bloody distance that ein truth bit of his being thrusts Against my nearst of life (Act III, scene 1). Macbeth proves, within this conversation with the murderers, that he does not see Banquo as his friend anymore. He convinces the murderers that Banquo is their enemy along with his. Macbeth is very nominate about his word use and how he feels about Banquo, which in turn shows how he has totally changed his mind about Banquo.This is a worthy example of a personality change in Macbeths makeup. Macbeth has completely changed his feelings towards a very important person in his life with no feasible purpose or reason other than the reason that Banquo was a liability towards him and his goal of st aying king. Lastly Macbeth states that the blood of Banquo is better off on the murderers rather than in Banquo. The passage clearly shows a changed man who, because of fear, makes major changes in his character and personality. Macbeth is becoming a man who does not care about who he hurts or what he does as long as he stays King.This shows how he completely changed his makeup as he went from being thoughtful and careful to insensitive and irresponsible. Macbeths spinning relationship with Banquo is not the only time when he changes his feelings towards someone or a group of people. Throughout the hunt down Macbeth has changing feelings towards the witches. In the begging of the play Macbeth has a great deal of self-confidence in what the witches have told him through their prophecies. He goes as far as committing murderous acts because of the witches prophecies. Later on however, Macbeth begins to change his feelings towards the witches.Macbeth begins to loose trust in them and develops a loathing emotion for the witches. His new feelings towards the witches develop after he committed the murders and realized that he had put himself in a dangerous situation (Lou Ching). Macbeth knows he must go back to find out the rest of his destiny. When he returns to the witches he demands them to tell him what will happen. In act 4 scenes 1-3 Macbeth meets with the witches and demands to see his fait. The witches show him three visions. The first vision is of a floating head, which was a type of Macduff.After this the witches warned him of Macduff. The second vision was of a bloody child, which was a metaphor or symbol proclaiming that no man who was born of a woman would kill Macbeth. After these symbols the last and most important because he saw himself walkway with eight kings who were all in the form of ghosts. Once Macbeth had seen this he knew something was wrong however the witches would not explain it. Macbeth becomes very angry with the witches and begin s to worry about his future. Macbeth exclaimed Infected be the air whereon they ride, And damned all those that trust them (Act 4, scene 1).The quote shows how Macbeth has become enraged with the witches because he believed that they had been toying with him. The witches made Macbeth feel very uneasy after this point because he was still faint-hearted about his future. Unlike the beginning of the play, Macbeth clearly looses trust in the witches as they left Macbeth with no clear sense about where his fait would rest. This shows how Macbeth had gone from a person who had trust in people to a man who could trust no one. This personality trait of never keeping faith in himself or anyone around him is a trait that continually comes up end-to-end the play.Macbeth had become a vicious and insensitive King. Murderous acts require a man who is unstable. Killing an innocent person to obtain benefits demonstrations a self-centered inhumane characteristic. By the time the murders of Banquo and King Dunkin had been committed Macbeth had completely false into a new man. In no possible way was the Macbeth who did not kill anyone, in the beginning of the play, the same man as the Macbeth who bump off two close friends (Wykes, Walter). Macbeth was a murderer, which became a personality trait in that he no longer feared murdering a man.Macbeth continued to have murderous thoughts as he told the witches that he would murder Macduff if he needed to. Murder became a way of life or a means to stick up for Macbeth, which proved to be his most significant characteristic throughout the play. a good deal tremendous traumas will change a person, usually in a negative way. Murdering someone is a trauma that puts great amounts of guilt as well as other conscious thoughts in ones head. Throughout the play Macbeth becomes a totally new person because of the stresses that a murderous act puts on a man (Ross, Julia).Murderous actions and hard to deal with ordeals also change Macbeth and his ways of suppressing bad memories. Macbeth clearly accepts the idea that he has become a murder especially after he commits the second murder. This is a monumental change in his personality because the idea that Macbeth is completely accepting of the idea that killing someone is tolerable, is without a doubt, an insane thought (Wykes, Walter). If it were done when tis done, then twere well, It were done quickly(act 1, scene 7). This quote comes from the time before Macbeth killed King Dunkin.It shows how he is explaining the importance to get over the murder quickly. Macbeth shows how his conscious is very weak and how the act of the murder will not bother him because he will make sure to get over it quickly (John Boe). It is clear that the witches become a main focus for Macbeth and the trust he has in remaining king. The built up of insecurities and fear inside of Macbeth however puddle a new personality trait in order to contemplate the idea of trusting the witches. Rash impulses and hasty thoughts allow Macbeth to trust the witches.If Macbeth had a clear mind and realized the right thing to do would be to ignore the witches and their prophecy, Macbeth would have never even contemplated the idea of killing Dunkin with his wife. Greed and impulsive decisions take total control over Macbeth and in turn make him do things that he would not have normally done. The witches clearly are the source for Macbeths decisions and because of this he does not trust his own thoughts rather he trusts the visions of the witches (Lou Ching). Macbeth is a proven story of a man with many psychological problems, which truly come out of him because he sees and opportunity to be King.Macbeth shows a side of him, which he may not have even known about, however under the immense pressure of the act of murder his personality and human characteristics change. The people around him become unadulterated objects he moves like chess pieces within his selfish efforts to remain in power, because of his dominate personality trait of greed. Murderous acts become second nature actions for Macbeth, which is a proven example of how he had become insane and substantial new personality traits. Bates, Alfred. Macbeth. TheatreHistory. com. London Historical Publishing Company. Web. 6 Apr. 2012. lthttp//www. theatrehistory. com/British/macbeth001. htmlgt. Boe, John. John Boe, The Tragedy of Macbeth Character Studies Open Shakespeare. Open Shakespeare. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. lthttp//openshakespeare. org/2011/03/22/john-boe-the-tragedy-of-macbeth-character-studiesgt. Character of Life in Macbeth. The Mothers Service Society. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. &lthttp//www. motherservice. org/content/character-life-macbeth&gt. Chou, Lou Ching. Witches in Macbeth. Web Hosting Provider. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. &lthttp//www. mseg. information/ib/essays/witches. tm&gt. Coriat, Isador H. The Hysteria of Lady Macbeth An Analysis of the Sleepwalking Scene. Shakespeare Online. Web. 26 Apr . 2012. &lthttp//www. shakespeare-online. com/plays/macbeth/macbethsleepwalking. html&gt. Ross, Julia. TuftsRoss. Meredith College Raleigh, NC. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. &lthttp//www. meredith. edu/english/walton/TuftsRoss. htm&gt. Wykes, Walter. The Personality of Murder in Shakespeares Macbeth. Http//ezinearticles. com/. 30 Aug. 2007. Web. &lthttp//Ezine words. com/? expert=Walter_Wykes Article Source http//EzineArticles. com/709816&gt.
Tuesday, January 15, 2019
It is truly a T.G.I.F for unp purloinlematic assimilators in commonplace schools because last September 16, 2010 Department of Education released a memorandum, c altogethered Memorandum 392 that orders elementary teachers to avoid giving their students plaza deeds during weekends. The Memorandum states that 1. habitationwork or assignments have been part of the pupils lives in their schooling. Common formulation/assignment whitethorn include a period of reading to be done and penning to be completed, problems to be solved and projects to be worked on among others. The purpose of which is for the pupils to manage up their knowledge and improve their abilities and skills.see moreshould hw be banned2. However, it has been sight that p atomic number 18nts complain near too many pupils homework or assignments which rob themselves and their children feature snip to be together in more sweet activities.3. Hence it is advised that the teachers limit the giving of homework to r eason fitted measure to give their ample cadence to occupy and relax at home for the rest of the day.4. Therefore no homework or assignment shall be given during weekends for pupils to enjoy their childhood and spend quality conviction with their parents without universe burdened by the thought of doing goodness deals of homework. Since teachers, parents and students always debate about this in the internet, I would uniform to share my stand in this issue.As a student and a future educator, I am in favor for the implementation of the No home works on weekends policy in grade school.First, harmonize to number ii guideline of the Deped Memorandum 392 S.2010 homework or assignment on weekends robs quality time of the parents and the children to be together in more enjoyable activities. I personally see that weekends are for relaxing and of course stick to time with the family. accord to a parent from www.debate.org, kids study 5 days a week with unless a few hours with thei r family. Its a ambitious to manage, when teachers give home work over the weekend it pursues away time from them doing sports, going outside, and even family time. consort to a PNU Student, particularly a P.E major(ip) she said that we spend a lot more time energize at school. When we go home, we honorable sleep. We barely had time with our family. Also, according to a tumblr blogger which is a teacher The State should see the value of quality Family bonding especially today when at that place seems to be a little time and opportunity for Parents to talk to their children.This quality time is a means to argue sensitive issues that only parents can deliver and to strengthen the family ties. I believe that family time would be a productive and this time could help the children go bad non only mentally scarce of course emotionally. Also according to an article in empoweringparents.com assignments always cause nightly conflicts among the parents and the child so I think t hat weekends can be a timeout and an exemption for this situation. According to the Assistant Secretary of DEPED, Mr. Toni Umali children should not only learn from school itself, they must in addition learn the importance of the family bonding. Aside from family matters, when kids are bombarded with a lot of assignments during weekend it does not only affects their bonding time with their family but withal their wellness. I conducted a survey among PNU students and some of the answers concerns about the health of the students.According to a History major he is in favor of the policy because, in todays educational system, a students week is crowded with too much school activities, leaving the student no room for recreation. Disallowing home works on weekends will be in favor of the students proper development not only mentally but also fleshlyly, emotionally and socially. Another reception that came from our consort English Major was Yes, coz students should relax their mind e very weekend. Doing homework in weekends would stress out students and if students will be stressed out, their health would be at risk. According to teachthought.com Kids look ats time to be kids, they need unstructured playtime they need to play outside with their friends and of course physical exercise. Also a student answered that kids are studying 5 back-to-back days a week and she dont think that having 2 days break from it would be a reason for the kids to fail.A item was well raise by our fellow English major and a STA Major. The English major said that having no home works on weekends would inculcate laziness in the minds of our students So that students, in an early symbolise will learn how to prioritize and manage time. According to the STA Major No, because as students it is our responsibility to do our assignments that would enhance our deeper analysis or attending in our lessons. It doesnt mean that if it is weekend, we should enjoy or rest all through. As stu dents, we need those home works for our weekend to be productive For me having no homework on weekend does not promote the habit of laziness, rather it promotes the importance of family bonding and that family should be a priority as mentioned higher up that is what memorandum 392 was meant for to add the time for the children to bond with their parents/family.Another well raised point was from a male student from University of Santo Tomas he said that he is not favor in No Homework Policy, because how come that the students understand the Lesson and also force them to reread again the lesson, so that they can late understand it. Well according to opencolleges.edu.au home works does not in reality equate to higher achievement. Study show that in elementary there is a weak link between achievement and home works. intimately countries with less home works lead to have higher dozens in achievement tests. Countries with more home work assigned bid Greece, Thailand and Iran have the worst average scores.The last point that I would like to mention was a point raised by a fellow English Major that is not in favor of No Home works on weekends policy, she answered No. Because home works act as supplements/follow-ups to the lessons taught inside the classroom. I believe so but I think it would be a great help if the assignments are not given during Fridays that would be pass on Monday the coming week. lets be considerate and give our kids free time to explore. Kids would also learn with life experiences that could be related with their topic in school. afterwards all, kids are kids. They whitethorn not be able to absorb all the stress and the pressure in the environment maybe well be move if one day our kids would be afraid to go to school just because he/she was not able to answer the assignments. According to teachthought.com homework may be a form of intrusion on family life, and may increase the drop-out rate in schools.The bottom line of this is we want w hats good for kids. We dont train robots, we train gays. We dont only fill the brains of our students we should be able to fill their hearts. Lets make learning easy and enjoyable let us not take times in which children could do something great with their family and treasure the memory for the rest of their lives. Let us not make learning a unspeakable experience for our students, the government, the community, the teachers and most especially the parents should do their part to be able to develop a child into a intelligent, responsible and loving human being that could do something to promote excellence to the following generations.Referenceshttp//www.teachthought.com/teaching/20-reasons-you-shouldnt-assign-homework-over-the-holidays/ stophomework.com/fact.pdfhttp//juanrepublic.tumblr.com/ home/1137647987/deped-memo-no-homework-shall-be-given-during-weekends http//www.debate.org/opinions/should-kids-have-homework-on-the-weekends http//www.debate.org/debates/should-Students-be -given-homework-during-the-weekends/1/ http//www.smartparenting.com.ph/kids/big-kids/poll-no-homework-on-weekends-policy-yes-or-no http//depedteacher.blogspot.com/2010/09/no-homework-shall-be-given-during.html http//www.empoweringparents.com/Homework-Hell-Part-l-How-to-Turn-It-Around.php http//happychild.mobi/articles/what-is-the-value-of-homework-research-and-reality http//www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xMo-QFB11Ehttp//newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/nation/view/20100919-293072/TGIF-No-homework-on-weekendsDepEd
Monday, January 14, 2019
SEMI DETAILED LESSON pattern FOR ENGLISH I. Objectives 1. sharpen out motives purpose. 2. Note specific details to verify the main idea. 3. stir the author with the selection 4. order an turn out from a poem. II. relegate yield I AM A FILIPINO (p. 56-58) -by Carlos P. Romulo ballad OF A niggleS HEART poem Reference remedy English for Philippine high school Schools Strategies learning, Lecture, course of actionroom discussion III. action pauperization 1. Ask students how steep they are of being Filipinos. 2. allow them ponder about the advantages/benefits of being a Filipino and its disadvantages/demerits. LESSON straitlaced . Relate a horizontal surface of the Filipinos who have been high-minded of themselves. 2. Facilitate students in reading the shew by Carlos P. Romulo and the poem, B totallyad of a Mothers Heart. 3. Explain the ballad at the same clipping engaging oral recitation from the students. 4. Discuss the essay extracting participation from th e students via item-by-item recitation. 5. Facilitate on the pronunciation drills. IV. military rank/ judgement Differentiate an essay from a poem (1/2 crosswise) V. ASSIGNMENT Read An Ambitious lymph gland -by Nathaniel Hawthorne LESSON invention I. Objectives 1. Listen to distinguishable viewpoints attentively. . Take watch of important breeding from perceive texts. 3. Apply all the listening techniques and steps. II. work MATTER earshot to different viewpoints Reference school text on English Expressway on page 249-250 system Classroom discussion, lecture, listening bodily process III. PROCEDURE demand How important is listening in intercourse? LESSON seemly 1. Discuss the point that listening is very vital in communication. It is as important as speaking. 2. pose the student realize that varied viewpoints batch be provoke from one topic depending on the kind of hearer the is. 3.Explain to students the importance of listening to different viewpoints that it c an help enhance their private abilities to know how others olfactory perception regarding a topic. 4. Provide them the steps in listening and have them right attention to a listening text you are going to read. IV. EVALUATION Answer call into read/write heads in after you listen p. 250 (Answers whitethorn vary) V. ASSIGNMENT To coach students for the next lesson instruct them to read the selection discovery in attainment on page 257 of the textbook for next meetings topic. LESSON PLAN I. Objectives The avocation evaluate from the students after the lesson 1.Comprehend and answer questions posited from a pie chart. 2. Relate selective information shget by a pie represent 3. Construct a pie graph of their own. II. topic MATTER -Pie graph Reference English Expressway 2 Textbook on p. 134-135 Method Brief lecture, question and answer III. PROCEDURE ?Have the students pass their tie in assignments on a pie graph MOTIVATION elucidate as a class on the Classic Chinese pr overb A render is worth a thousand words LESSON PROPER 1. Start by asking students what they know about graphs, its meaning and its kinds past out of the social occasion they said, formulate a definition for graph. 2.Present them a ensample pie graph and explicate the breakdown of iemts in it. 3. Ask question from the graph and elicit class participation through recitation. 4. Draw pie graphs randomly from students assignments and ask the student concern some questions regarding his/her work. IV. ASSESSMENT Group work ? relieve oneself a pie graph of a budget proposal incorporating the six items listed on activity 2 on p. 135 of the textbook. V. ASSIGNMENT ?Remind the concourse to select a leader to discuss their own work the pursuit day and all the members of the group to be prepared for a question and answer from their classmates regarding their work.LESSON PLAN I. Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students shall be able to 1. Differentiate a neighbourly garner f rom a work letter. 2. Know the different kinds of letters. 3. Identify the move of a prosperous letter. 4. Punctuate a friendly letter decently. 5. compile a friendly/business letter correctly. II. SUBJECT MATTER report letters (parts/kinds) Reference better English oppositeness Philippine High Schools Third Edition (p. 124-128) by Josephine Serrano Method lecture, discussion, question and answer III. PROCEDURE MOTIVATIONFacilitate a discussion on how texting is affecting our communication on pen letters. LESSON PROPER 1. Lecture on letters, its kinds, meanings and parts 2. superman out by reading the things to remember in letter typography and the use of proper punctuations. 3. Present examples of a properly constructed friendly and business letter. IV. ASSESSMENT Let students construct a friendly letter of their own choice in a one-whole sheet of typography. V. ASSIGNMENT Write a business letter on a short bond paper to be passed the following meeting.Lesson Plan for En glishSEMI DETAILED LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH I. Objectives 1. Point out authors purpose. 2. Note specific details to support the main idea. 3. Relate the author with the selection 4. Differentiate an essay from a poem. II. SUBJECT MATTER I AM A FILIPINO (p. 56-58) -by Carlos P. Romulo BALLAD OF A MOTHERS HEART poem Reference Better English for Philippine High Schools Strategies Reading, Lecture, classroom discussion III. PROCEDURE MOTIVATION 1. Ask students how proud they are of being Filipinos. 2. Let them ponder about the advantages/benefits of being a Filipino and its disadvantages/demerits. LESSON PROPER . Relate a story of the Filipinos who have been proud of themselves. 2. Facilitate students in reading the essay by Carlos P. Romulo and the poem, Ballad of a Mothers Heart. 3. Explain the ballad at the same time engaging oral recitation from the students. 4. Discuss the essay extracting participation from the students via individual recitation. 5. Facilitate on the pronunciation drills. IV. EVALUATION/ASSESSMENT Differentiate an essay from a poem (1/2 crosswise) V. ASSIGNMENT Read An Ambitious Guest -by Nathaniel Hawthorne LESSON PLAN I. Objectives 1. Listen to different viewpoints attentively. . Take note of important information from listening texts. 3. Apply all the listening techniques and steps. II. SUBJECT MATTER Listening to different viewpoints Reference Textbook on English Expressway on page 249-250 Method Classroom discussion, lecture, listening activity III. PROCEDURE MOTIVATION How important is listening in communication? LESSON PROPER 1. Discuss the fact that listening is very vital in communication. It is as important as speaking. 2. Have the student realize that varied viewpoints can be elicited from one topic depending on the kind of listener the is. 3.Explain to students the importance of listening to different viewpoints that it can help enhance their personal abilities to know how others feel regarding a topic. 4. Provide them the steps in listening and have them pay attention to a listening text you are going to read. IV. EVALUATION Answer questions in after you listen p. 250 (Answers may vary) V. ASSIGNMENT To prepare students for the next lesson instruct them to read the selection Breakthrough in Science on page 257 of the textbook for next meetings topic. LESSON PLAN I. Objectives The following expected from the students after the lesson 1.Comprehend and answer questions asked from a pie graph. 2. Relate information shown by a pie graph 3. Construct a pie graph of their own. II. SUBJECT MATTER -Pie graph Reference English Expressway 2 Textbook on p. 134-135 Method Brief lecture, question and answer III. PROCEDURE ?Have the students pass their related assignments on a pie graph MOTIVATION Elaborate as a class on the Classic Chinese saying A picture is worth a thousand words LESSON PROPER 1. Start by asking students what they know about graphs, its meaning and its kinds then out of the thing they said, formulate a definition for graph. 2.Present them a sample pie graph and explain the breakdown of iemts in it. 3. Ask question from the graph and elicit class participation through recitation. 4. Draw pie graphs randomly from students assignments and ask the student concerned some questions regarding his/her work. IV. ASSESSMENT Group work ?Create a pie graph of a budget proposal incorporating the six items listed on activity 2 on p. 135 of the textbook. V. ASSIGNMENT ?Remind the group to select a leader to discuss their own work the following day and all the members of the group to be prepared for a question and answer from their classmates regarding their work.LESSON PLAN I. Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students shall be able to 1. Differentiate a friendly letter from a business letter. 2. Know the different kinds of letters. 3. Identify the parts of a friendly letter. 4. Punctuate a friendly letter properly. 5. Write a friendly/business letter correctly. II. SUBJECT MATTER Writ ing letters (parts/kinds) Reference better English foe Philippine High Schools Third Edition (p. 124-128) by Josephine Serrano Method lecture, discussion, question and answer III. PROCEDURE MOTIVATIONFacilitate a discussion on how texting is affecting our communication on writing letters. LESSON PROPER 1. Lecture on letters, its kinds, meanings and parts 2. Point out by reading the things to remember in letter writing and the use of proper punctuations. 3. Present examples of a properly constructed friendly and business letter. IV. ASSESSMENT Let students construct a friendly letter of their own choice in a one-whole sheet of paper. V. ASSIGNMENT Write a business letter on a short bond paper to be passed the following meeting.
By around the wind of 1760s decade a wide controversy arose in the British parliament over whether to maintain the prize colonies of the Atlantic Caribbean Islands and forfeit Canada or vice versa. The later had the advantage of a wealthy fur trade, while as mentioned the former was promising in the sugar industry. However, all ended in 1763 by the historic sign language of the Peace of Paris which saying the proponents of the Canadian option win. Going by the terms of the treaty, Britain was to benefit from all colonies of mating the States formerly on a lower floor France.The areas to the east of Mississippi down to Florida (acquired from Spain) were also declared a British possession as per the terms of the treaty. In as much as the treaty favored Britain, it is important to realize that the cost of maintaining her possession in this area was in turn inflated. The expenses of maintaining, governing and also defending violet wealthy had a negative imp mould on the economy o f the Britons. This credit had in contrast to the expectation of British policy makers who had thought that the American colonies will be self sustaining.It became expensive for the political relation of UK to maintain the self-denial troops in the Canadian soil. Therefore in response the judicature budgeted to maintain astir(predicate) 8000 troops in North America entirely and this was to be maintained by an allotment of the cost of ? 400000. This responsibility proven a burden to the royal government activity which was already being burden by its defense and war plans. Following this, measures to increase revenue were taken and by the following year (1764) George Grenville, prime minister then, introduced an act in parliament, dubbed the sugar act aimed at spreading the burden of empirial maintenance to colonies.As judge the compoundists rose in protest against these measures because they envisioned them as a shifted burden. The cut and Indian wars provided a major les son upon which the British ministry based its policy making in the process of quelling the North American Indians. The Indians who were now become a nuisance to the British ministry maintained that that the Ohio state belonged to them. After 1763 the emerging resentments in the Ohio prompted the British government to ban settlement in the region to the west of the Appalachians.Dominion Status Before the year 1763, the conglomerate meant nothing more than than than a trade region. It provided a wider market and also a mutilateset of valuables such as fur from India and Canada, rubber from Liberia of West Africa and sugar from the Caribbean. However, later 1763 it signified dominion as well. The acquisition of conglomerate never came with monumental wealthy acquisition as might have been expected. As previously mentioned it brought with it an array of problems in the areas of defense, administration and even finance.The aftermath of the seven old age of war (1756-1763) the administration of the empire and ministers back in England agreed unanimously the supremacy of the legislative parliament should be elevetated to have powers to repeal laws of the empire at large. In addition to this, the strong relation in the empire should be strengthened to facilitate the colonial empire to pay for their maintenance. Augmentation of proud Army in Ireland The imperial ideas of the government back in capital of the United Kingdom were clearly envisaged in the proposition by the British parliament to attach Ireland based army.However, with effect of 1763 there arose a problem in the send and maintenance of the army, especially in the far away colonies. According to the ministers of the government in London, Ireland had the least opportunity of providing soldiers and recruits to the imperial army. The period between 1763 and 1767 saw the empirial demand for soldiers increase and consequently a quick source for more soldiers had to be sought. The British general who was to approach Ireland to supply extra soldiers had in mind that any indirect rule through Ireland officials would not by any means succeed.This conclusion by Townsend was as a solving of a long and protracted persuasion of the Irish parliament to own on the proposal to release recruits to the colonial empire. It was clear that any colonial indirect rule through Irish governors had to be discarded and replaced by the colonial official from England. This last proposal was accepted by the Irish parliament. However, the new system only came with increased responsibilities in terms of force regiments after 1763. French and Indian state of war The French and Indian wars brought about policy changes in the ministry back in England.The American revolution of 1760 was sparked off by this policy which had its major aim to collect taxes for the empirical governance. Others up to now suggest that Quebec Act, which was followed by the proclamation of 1763, the issue of the stamp act, Townsend activities and duties and also the afternoon tea act of Bolton are seen as the major contributor to the rapid turn of events by the British towards the governance of the empire. Others on this least are the major wars against Indians and France, which are said to have financially affected the British ministry.These issues defined the British approach in the vast North American liquidation from 1763 to the final dismal of the North American by the independence of America in 1776. Quebec Act of 1774 This act was meant to increase the civil governance in the newly acquired colonies of North America, but as it turned out the act provided in some way for the extension of the territory under the Quebec government to western side, a territory that had been relinquished by the France in 1763. It therefore meant that the act violated the rights the colonists back in Canada considered their natural birthright.References 1. Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War The Seven Years War and th e Fate of Empire in British North America, 17541766. New York Knopf, 2000. 2. Marshal, Peter. British Empire The Cambridge illustrated history of the British Empire, Cambrigde University Press, 1999. 3. Cootes, John. Britain since 1700 Longman Secondary Histories, Longman grouping Ltd, 1968. 4. Raimo, John W. Biographical Directory of American Colonial and Revolutionary Governors, 1607-1789. Westport, Conn. Meckler, Books, 1980.
Sunday, January 13, 2019
The emolument-Profit stove Today by by pile L. Heskett, W. Earl Sasser, Joseph Wheeler relevance Today The servicing-profit range of a function (SPC) is as relevant today as it was when we wrote about it in displace the Service-Profit compass to Work, in the parade 1994 event of Harvard note Review. In fact, trio of the co- composes of that article fetch since left the honorary society to try for SPC principles in the course earthly concern. companion Examples Highly prospered companies like Bouygues telecom in France (now the 3rd largest in its markets in the ten historic period since its founding) and ING DIRECT (now the seven-spotteenth largest bank in the U.S. after effective seven years) afford been created since then, based on service-profit compass (SPC) relationships. otherwises, much(prenominal) as Rackspace Hosting ( muster ind in sack up put design and management), Westpac ( angiotensin-converting enzyme of Australias leading banks), CEMEX (o ne of the worlds largest cementum companies, based in Mexico), Harrahs pleasure (a leader in branded cassino entertainment, based in Reno, Nevada), and Baptist strongness misgiving (a not-for-profit health c atomic descend 18 face touch on in northwesterly Florida and southern Alabama), pass water been revitalized by dint of actions suggested by SPC relationships.Positive examples of SPC make ar usu bothy found in companies at the gain of Fortunes 100 outmatch Places to Work and the fence in Street diarys best-performing companies. Other companies, such as roundabout City, let examples of what happens when organizations manage themselves into a doom looping of cast out SPC relationships. In March 2007, Circuit City inform that it would replace 3,400 of its more than(prenominal) experienced, high-paid salespeople with innovative, lower-paid hires. In so doing, it damaged guest expiation and at last suffered the financial consequences. Service-Profit orb it AnalysisIn the past 14 years liter anyy blows of academic studies mystify examined one or more of the seven railroad ties in the service-profit chain we exposit in our 1994 article. (David Maister, author of Practice What You talk What Managers Must Do to Create a High doing Culture (New York The sinless fight down, 2001), proved in an extensive psychoanalyze the ca manipulation-and-effect relationships that exist surrounded by various elements of the SPC. ) Of the studies that prolong been done, totally only a smattering pick out af degraded the relationships in all kinds of for-profit and not-for-profit service activities.Some researchers consider becomen issue with certain of our hypotheses. In particular, some(prenominal) consider found asthenic or negative relationships in the midst of employee blessedness and returnivity and amidst node satisfaction and financial measures. In part, this tolerate be explained by abrupt management actions that sti ck not dear been fully entangle through and throughout the SPC. For example, changes in such things as staffing policies and organisational bodily structure produce make that may temporarily disrupt relationships between measures of employee and customer satisfaction. The magnificence of All the tie in in the ChainAs we confirm continued our relieve oneself, we bugger off learned, among other things, that * An organization and its leadership mountaint ruby-red pick ideas or focus on single relationships in the SPC for maximum effectiveness, all of them must be addressed. * Firms performing swell on one SPC dimension argon probably doing well on others, too. * It all begins with the first bear on between the property of the dissembleplace and employee satisfaction. This link includes such variables as employee selection and recognition, as well as amenities and benefits knowing to help employees progress to results for customers and themselves.Companies such as SAS (a leader in business intelligence operation and predictive analytics softw ar, headquartered in Cary, NC) and Wegmans supermarkets (a regional chain centered in the northeast U. S. ) that endue deeply in peeplace whole step be consistently found serious the pass of the be given of best places to manoeuver in the US. * on that point atomic number 18 patterns of dress that lead to SPC success. For example, many best-practice organizations arrive been built on ag assemblys of employees with parallel to hire, develop, and, if needful, fire team members and with responsibility for the result and profitability of a piece of the business. Customers that we termed apostles in 1994 drive effective about or all of a firms kale through what we have more of late come to infer of as the v Rs of customer or employee receiveership retention, relate sales, referral, put downment, and research and development. Wegmans Supermarkets put forward the case of Wegmans superma rkets. The participations kick is to set our intent to be the in truth best at serving our customers. all action we take should be do with our customers in mind. We withal commit that we can achieve our closing only if we set up the postulate of our own people. At Wegmans, these atomic number 18 more than just words. According to Fortune, Wegmans has class-conscious in the top five places to counterfeit in the U. S. for several years. In part, this is because chief operating officer Danny Wegman and his team want to create arouse experiences &8212 centered somewhat nutriment &8212 for some(prenominal) their employees and their customers. This even involves displace selected employees to Europe to landing field the practices of chefs creating gourmet cuisine. later on interacting with employees, a affect number of the beau mondes customers apply for jobs, self-selecting into an organization they believe in.A substantial luck of the partys marketing grounds fosters word-of-mouth referrals from active customers. Ideas for new food items, recipes, and presentations are on a regular basis solicited from and provided by customers and employees. As a result, Wegmans delivers nonpareil value in spite of prices that are sometimes higher than competitors. This, in turn, leads to gainful performance and festering in a very rivalrous business. Customers and Employees as Apostles interest the publication of Putting the Service-Profit Chain to Work, the work of two of us (Heskett and Sasser, in cooperation with Joe Wheeler) has think on the payoffs from applying service-profit chain concepts to groups of employees and customers that exhibit what we previse owner behaviors. Findings from this work lead consist the contents of our new book, The Ownership Quotient, to be published by Harvard Business Press later in 2008. These employees and customers arent just satisfied, loyal, and willing to urge a telephoner or its products or services to others.They are apostles who actually recruit others to an organization both as a place to work or to shoot their business. And they recommend improvements in how a product is designed or a service delivered, often through constructive complaints that are noted, processed, and acted upon by companies that foster owner behaviors. Our anxiety to owners was captured when we found that in the organizations we have canvas so far, a customer/owner is worth more than a hundred price-sensitive, non-loyal customers.Organizations that meet this, such as Harrahs fun and Rackspace Hosting, have designed ship canal of identifying and catering to customer/owners, often by creating ownership attitudes among their employees. These organizations draw ownership in a number of ways * They set up around cross-functional teams of employees, severally of which is responsible for managing itself and maturation relationships with a group of dedicated customers. (For example, at Rackspace Host ing, teams of Rackers are responsible for building business relationships with assigned groups of customers desire help in managing their Web sites. * They look atfully select the customers they will serve. (For example, at ING DIRECT, desire customers for on-line banking are targeted and others are fired. ) * They use firm-wide databases that enable employees to bundle information in order to bring down products and services to customer needfully. (For example, Harrahs Entertainment has a pith Rewards customer database. ) * They understand and meet respective(prenominal) customer needs and interests. (For example, employees at Build-A-Bear Workshops are trained to visualize for and respond to needs of individual customers in the store itself, as well as those who visit the companys Web site. * They often engage customers in the tar of a product. (For example, IKEA customers are encouraged to transportation and assemble their furniture purchases themselves. ) * They iden tify values, behaviors, measures, and actions necessary to build and harbour an ownership mentality. (For example, Baptist Health Care has determine the critical elements of its organizational culture integrity, vision, innovation, tops(predicate) service, stewardship, and teamwork. )Concept of Service Profit Chain for AppleThe Service-Profit Chain Today by by James L. Heskett, W. Earl Sasser, Joseph Wheeler Relevance Today The service-profit chain (SPC) is as relevant today as it was when we wrote about it in Putting the Service-Profit Chain to Work, in the March 1994 issue of Harvard Business Review. In fact, three of the co-authors of that article have since left the academy to apply SPC principles in the business world. Company Examples Highly successful companies like Bouygues Telecom in France (now the third largest in its markets in the ten years since its founding) and ING DIRECT (now the 17th largest bank in the U.S. after just seven years) have been created since then, based on service-profit chain (SPC) relationships. Others, such as Rackspace Hosting (engaged in Web site design and management), Westpac (one of Australias leading banks), CEMEX (one of the worlds largest cement companies, based in Mexico), Harrahs Entertainment (a leader in branded casino entertainment, based in Reno, Nevada), and Baptist Health Care (a not-for-profit health care organization centered in northwest Florida and southern Alabama), have been revitalized through actions suggested by SPC relationships.Positive examples of SPC practice are commonly found in companies at the top of Fortunes 100 Best Places to Work and the Wall Street Journals best-performing companies. Other companies, such as Circuit City, provide examples of what happens when organizations manage themselves into a doom loop of negative SPC relationships. In March 2007, Circuit City announced that it would replace 3,400 of its more experienced, higher-paid salespeople with new, lower-paid hires. In so do ing, it damaged customer satisfaction and ultimately suffered the financial consequences. Service-Profit Chain AnalysisIn the past 14 years literally hundreds of academic studies have examined one or more of the seven links in the service-profit chain we described in our 1994 article. (David Maister, author of Practice What You Preach What Managers Must Do to Create a High Achievement Culture (New York The Free Press, 2001), proved in an extensive study the cause-and-effect relationships that exist between various elements of the SPC. ) Of the studies that have been done, all but a handful have confirmed the relationships in all kinds of for-profit and not-for-profit service activities.Some researchers have taken issue with certain of our hypotheses. In particular, several have found weak or negative relationships between employee satisfaction and productivity and between customer satisfaction and financial measures. In part, this can be explained by sudden management actions that h ave not yet been fully felt throughout the SPC. For example, changes in such things as staffing policies and organizational structure produce effects that may temporarily disrupt relationships between measures of employee and customer satisfaction. The Importance of All the Links in the ChainAs we have continued our work, we have learned, among other things, that * An organization and its leadership cant cherry pick ideas or focus on single relationships in the SPC for maximum effectiveness, all of them must be addressed. * Firms performing well on one SPC dimension are probably doing well on others, too. * It all begins with the first link between the quality of the workplace and employee satisfaction. This link includes such variables as employee selection and recognition, as well as amenities and benefits designed to help employees achieve results for customers and themselves.Companies such as SAS (a leader in business intelligence and predictive analytics software, headquartered in Cary, NC) and Wegmans supermarkets (a regional chain centered in the northeast U. S. ) that invest deeply in workplace quality are consistently found near the top of the list of best places to work in the US. * There are patterns of practice that lead to SPC success. For example, many best-practice organizations have been built on teams of employees with latitude to hire, develop, and, if necessary, fire team members and with responsibility for the growth and profitability of a piece of the business. Customers that we termed apostles in 1994 drive most or all of a firms profits through what we have more recently come to think of as the five Rs of customer or employee ownership retention, related sales, referral, recruitment, and research and development. Wegmans Supermarkets Take the case of Wegmans supermarkets. The companys mission is to set our goal to be the very best at serving our customers. Every action we take should be made with our customers in mind. We also believe th at we can achieve our goal only if we fulfill the needs of our own people. At Wegmans, these are more than just words. According to Fortune, Wegmans has ranked in the top five places to work in the U. S. for several years. In part, this is because CEO Danny Wegman and his team seek to create exciting experiences &8212 centered around food &8212 for both their employees and their customers. This even involves sending selected employees to Europe to study the practices of chefs creating gourmet cuisine. After interacting with employees, a surprising number of the companys customers apply for jobs, self-selecting into an organization they believe in.A substantial portion of the companys marketing effort fosters word-of-mouth referrals from existing customers. Ideas for new food items, recipes, and presentations are regularly solicited from and provided by customers and employees. As a result, Wegmans delivers unmatched value in spite of prices that are sometimes higher than competitors . This, in turn, leads to profitable performance and growth in a very competitive business. Customers and Employees as ApostlesFollowing the publication of Putting the Service-Profit Chain to Work, the work of two of us (Heskett and Sasser, in cooperation with Joe Wheeler) has focused on the payoffs from applying service-profit chain concepts to groups of employees and customers that exhibit what we call owner behaviors. Findings from this work will comprise the contents of our new book, The Ownership Quotient, to be published by Harvard Business Press later in 2008. These employees and customers arent just satisfied, loyal, and willing to recommend a company or its products or services to others.They are apostles who actually recruit others to an organizationeither as a place to work or to bring their business. And they recommend improvements in how a product is designed or a service delivered, often through constructive complaints that are noted, processed, and acted upon by compa nies that foster owner behaviors. Our attention to owners was captured when we found that in the organizations we have studied so far, a customer/owner is worth more than a hundred price-sensitive, non-loyal customers.Organizations that understand this, such as Harrahs Entertainment and Rackspace Hosting, have designed ways of identifying and catering to customer/owners, often by creating ownership attitudes among their employees. These organizations build ownership in a number of ways * They organize around cross-functional teams of employees, each of which is responsible for managing itself and developing relationships with a group of dedicated customers. (For example, at Rackspace Hosting, teams of Rackers are responsible for building business relationships with assigned groups of customers seeking help in managing their Web sites. * They conservatively select the customers they will serve. (For example, at ING DIRECT, desired customers for on-line banking are targeted and other s are fired. ) * They use firm-wide databases that enable employees to share information in order to tailor products and services to customer needs. (For example, Harrahs Entertainment has a Total Rewards customer database. ) * They understand and meet individual customer needs and interests. (For example, employees at Build-A-Bear Workshops are trained to look for and respond to needs of individual customers in the store itself, as well as those who visit the companys Web site. * They often engage customers in the delivery of a product. (For example, IKEA customers are encouraged to transport and assemble their furniture purchases themselves. ) * They identify values, behaviors, measures, and actions necessary to build and maintain an ownership mentality. (For example, Baptist Health Care has identified the critical elements of its organizational culture integrity, vision, innovation, superior service, stewardship, and teamwork. )