Thursday, November 28, 2019
Introduction There are different forms of nonverbal communication. Most of them fall under the following categories: Facial and head patterns; gestures and posture patterns (Grammer and Kirsten 371). The story below seeks to demonstrate to us how non verbal forms of communication are used when a woman is flirting with a man.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on How females flirt with males specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Frank and Sasha Sasha and Frank are classmates and very good friends. Sasha is aged 23 while Frank is 25 years old. Sasha is a black American of low class background while Frank is of mixed race and belongs to a well off family. Sasha and Frank always sit next to each other during classes and remain together even during breaks and other college activities. One day during the summer holidays, Sasha had her phone ring, it was Frank and he sounded distressed. He informed her that his dad was seriously i ll and he was not sure whether he was going to make it. He really needed someone to comfort him. Sasha quickly informed her mum that she was to leave in a short while to go and visit a friend who really needed her. Frank lived with his father in Franklin county about 100 kilometers from where Sasha and her parents lived. His mother had died a few years back due to a deadly fever she had contracted on her trips abroad. Sasha hurriedly took a shower, dressed up, bid good bye to her mother and hurried for the bus station. She boarded a bus that was nearly full and begun the journey to FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s home. The journey took two hours, she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wait to see her friend and offer the necessary comfort to he so desperately needed. When Sasha arrived, Frank was standing in front of the house. His face showed how sad he was. On seeing him, Sasha ran towards him, gave him a hug, patted him on the back and whispered to him Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry Frank, everything will be okayÃ¢â¬ . His father had been admitted to a local hospital complaining of extreme pain in the joints and general tiredness. As Frank was explaining this to her, she was looking at him with a Ã¢â¬Å"gaze fixateÃ¢â¬ glance while holding his hand (Grammer and Kirsten 371). Frank hurriedly went into the house, took a few things and asked Sasha to take him to the hospital so that he could check on his dad. At this moment Sasha was feeling very sorry for her friend, she avoided any eye contact with him.Advertising Looking for essay on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When they arrived at the hospital everything was quite. Frank went straight to the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s office to inquire about his dad. Everything was so tense inside the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s office. On seeing Frank and Sasha, the doctor forced a smile and informed him that his dad was in stable condition. Ã¢â¬Å"Your dad is hypertensive and his blood pressure had gone beyond 200 b ut he is okay now, in fact he will be discharged todayÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Can I see him?Ã¢â¬ A smiling Frank asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Sure, he is resting in the emergency room.Ã¢â¬ answered the doctor. They later realized that a certain patient had died in the hospital, the reason why the doctor was sad. After a small chart with his father about his condition, Frank introduced Sasha to him informing him that she was the best friend he had and so she had come to comfort him. His father joked that Frank should consider taking Sasha as his girlfriend. It was about three oÃ¢â¬â¢clock when Frank and Sasha left the hospital. His father was to be driven home a few hours later by the family driver. The mood had changed, the once sad Frank was jovial, and he kept on remembering what his father had told him about Sasha. They went to Franks home to spend a few hours together while talking about different events that had occurred in each others life during the holidays. After a few minutes of silence, Frank told reminded Sasha about what his dad had told him about taking their friendship to the next level. Sasha was lost for words, she had always thought of that as well and could not believe that this was happening. She flipped her hair back and begun to push her fingers through her hair. Frank stared at her for a while, leaned back in his chair and asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Sasha can you be my girl friend?Ã¢â¬ after a short silence, she nodded. Frank reached for her hand, pulled her softly towards his body a begun to explain to her why he needed her beside him. Sasha leaned n his chest, his words sounding like sweet music to her ears, music she had always longed to hear. She did not realize that her legs had come into contact with those of Frank (Grammer and Kirsten 371). She listened to him as she played with her hair. It was not long before the two started kissing while holding hands. About the same time they heard a vehicle enter the compound, it was FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s dad.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on How females flirt with males specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More After spending one hour with the family, Sasha informed Frank that it was getting late and she needed to go home. She said bye to his father well, said bye to him and went with Frank to the bus station. On arriving at the bus station, they chatted for a while, exchanged hugs and kisses and then Sasha boarded a bus home. Conclusion This paper sought to identify ways through which women flirt with men using a story. It has been seen that women flirt with men mainly through the following ways: facial and head patterns, gestures and posture patterns (Moore 237). These categories have some specific movements that are identified and described depending on the degree. Works Cited Grammer, Karl and Kirsten, Kruck. Ã¢â¬Å"Non-verbal behavior as courtship signals: the role of control and choice in selecting partners.Ã¢â¬ Evolution and Huma nÃ behavior 21 (2000) 371-390. Moore, Monica. Nonverbal Courtship Patterns in Women: Context andÃ Consequences: Missouri: Department of psychology, University of Missouri. 1985. This essay on How females flirt with males was written and submitted by user Brenden Dixon to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Reservoir Dogs essays Reservoir Dogs Reservoir Dogs is a brilliant film, the plot of the film is there were six professional thieves who were all brought together to do a jewelry store robbery. During the robbery things go wrong someone gets killed, someone gets shot and there is an undercover cop among the thieves. The audience has no idea of whom the undercover cop is, the entire movie is based on trying to figure out who the snitch is. This film has a very strong theme be careful who you trust... This theme is shown through out the entire film some prime examples are when Mr. White was willing to protect Mr. Orange to any extent, because he believed Mr. Orange was in no way shape or form a cop. Mr. Orange had shot and killed a civilian in font of Mr. White this was enough proof to Mr. White that Mr. Orange could not be a cop. The other characters in the film start to talk and narrow down who they believe the snitch is Mr. Orange name is continuously coming up as the possible snitch. Mr. Orange is probably one of the lest trusted characters among the other thieves, the only reason he was not found to be an undercover cop till the end of the film was Mr. White was doing everything he could to protect him from the other thieves. One of the characters that is totally trusted as to not being a cop is Mr. Blonde. Mr. Blonde went on a shooting spree at the jewelry store; he shot and killed several of the employees his actions at the jewelry store have made him a trusted character among the other robbers. The other thieves all believe there is no way an undercover cop would have shot civilians in the manner Mr. Blonde did at the robbery. Mr. Blondes actions show how criminals reputations and trusts are built, Mr. Blonde has good trust among the other criminals because he has proven to them he is not affiliated with the police. Mr. Blonde also has a very good reputation with Nice Guy&q...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Gandhi - Essay Example Gandhi was a man who had humbled his adversaries with his simplicity of character and personality and had fought for the rights of the common man. Gandhi was born on 3 October, 1969 in Porbandar, Gujarat in India, when it was under the British rule. After completing his early education in India, he went to England for his law studies and became a barrister. He went to South Africa to practice law and there he realized that black people were not considered at par with the whites and were treated like dirt and considered for menial work only. He was appalled and his sense of justice violated. He took up the cudgel to fight for the equal rights for all human being and became an instant hit with the people with his advocacy for fighting the tyranny of the whites with his non violent movement which led to blacks to gain some rights of human dignity in South Africa. After this, Gandhi, along with wife Kasturba and three sons, returned to his own country and started working for the rights and freedom of his people of India. Gandhi was a man who led by example. When he came back to India, he realized that majority of the Indian people live in villages and who are poor. He also discarded his worldly goods and started living like them in simple clothes and doing all types of work himself. His family also followed suit and it became easier for the common man to identify himself with Gandhi, who then started calling him Ã¢â¬ËBapuÃ¢â¬â¢ meaning their father. Other leaders like Nehru, Patel, Gokhale, Kriplani, Jinnah etc. who had formed Ã¢â¬ËNational Congress PartyÃ¢â¬â¢ to fight against the British rule, welcomed Gandhi but initially, they too, were not convinced in his principle for non violence. GandhiÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs in the basic human values that decried violence ultimately persuaded the congress leaders to adopt non violence in their political agenda. Gandhi was a simple but a shrewd politician. His fundamental conviction in non violence and his inherent
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Book Review Assingment - Leading Change by John Kotter - Essay Example He holds that it is primarily for historical reasons that most organizations do not have that kind of leadership. In deviating from management jargon the author has come up with a visionary and understandable version in guiding the business world towards the much required changes in the business world. The book is an excellent business guidebook in which Kotter focuses upon an all inclusive structure, which business executives at all levels can follow to achieve positive results. He has advised people responsible for implementing change that there is no need to panic or become fearful while dealing with urgent organizational issues. Such situations warrant avoidance of complacency and the author emphasizes that change in the 21st century can be affected only if over-managed and under-led cultures are handled with caution. It is important to remember that management deals primarily with the status quo while leadership is responsible to mostly deal with change. There is a strong need f or management to develop skills to create strong leaders. Kotter has also identified the drawbacks of this strategy and has cautioned leaders to avoid people that can destabilize efficient change efforts. The author has commendably argued that instead of individuals, teams should be recognized and the focus should be on life long learning patterns in a constantly changing world. It is not possible to learn everything during any given period because growth is a continuous process that imposes repeated challenges in terms of processes and people. Kotter has discussed the eight main reasons why improvement efforts have proved to be unsatisfactory, primarily because of inappropriate use of resources and people. He has discussed all the errors exhaustively through the use of clear and simple models and asserted that these errors mostly characterize the change process in any organization, which can have severe consequences. Kotter has argued that such errors are not necessarily unavoidabl e, which is why he claims he wrote this book. The fundamental objective is to understand why companies defend against the required changes and to recognize what specifically is the set of processes that can do away with such negative inactions. Most importantly, there is a strong need to understand that the leadership responsible for driving the processes in socially healthy ways has to do much more than just good management. Kotler has discussed the reasons why organizations need to change and improve. The Eight Stage Process for Affecting Change A major lesson from KotterÃ¢â¬â¢s book is that organizations can effectively put the required changes into practice. Kotter holds that the ways of changing the organization are based on the basic fact that major changes will not happen because of several reasons that he sought to overcome with his eight stage process of affecting major changes. Kotter has written about the eight stages that "there are still more mistakes that people make , but these eight are the big ones. In reality, even successful change efforts are messy and full of surprises" (Kotter, 1996, p.89). The authorÃ¢â¬â¢s first stage relates to establishing a strong sense of urgency that is necessary to get rid of the feeling of
Monday, November 18, 2019
The Doctrine of Frustration - Essay Example However, this has created many problems in practice as the common law position law stipulates that obligations due prior to the frustrating event remain in operation5, which has fuelled conflict as to the nature of obligations that remain operative notwithstanding the applicability of frustration. On this basis, whilst the theoretical guidance appears to be clear in that the doctrine of frustration will be invoked on rare occasions which fall under the above circumstances, however in light of the fact that there is no definitive list of frustrating events and the doctrine has been developed on a case by case basis, it is far from clear as to what constitutes frustration in reality6. Moreover, there has been much controversy as to when the doctrine should apply, the main issue is the fact that the courts determine when an event is sufficiently frustrating to merit judicial interference, which results in termination of the contract7. Indeed academic debate is polarised as to the circumstances in which frustration should be applicable8. Furmston highlights the five central theories advanced to clarify an area of law9 and the focus of this analysis is to critically review the applicability of the doctrine of frustration in practice and in particular consider whether the doctrine has been applied sufficiently widely in practice. Firstly, it is necessary to discuss the background and evolution of frustration as a doctrine in order to understand the complexities of its application today.
Friday, November 15, 2019
History Of English Intonation English Language Essay Many people think that pronunciation is what makes up an accent. It may be that pronunciation is very important for an understandable accent. But it is intonation that gives the final touch that makes an accent native. Intonation is the music of a language, and is perhaps the most important element of a good accent. Often we hear someone speaking with perfect grammar, and perfect formation of the sounds of English but with a little something that gives them away as not being nativespeaker.Therefore, it is necessary to realize that there is more than the correct pronunciation of the vowels and consonants of a language. This is very important and we do stress it in other articles. But it is only one of the three components to an accent, pronunciation, intonation, and linking. In other places we will examine the correct pronunciation of vowels and consonants, and linking, the way that syllables within a word, and the beginning and ending of words come together. Two useful abstractions: To understand how intonational transcription works, you must understand two different kinds of abstractions which the system relies on. The first is a phonetic abstraction, namely that there is something which we can call intonation, a well-defined set of linguistic phenomena all working together to determine the pitch pattern of an utterance. This abstraction is very useful because it is fairly easy to get a good measure of what listeners perceive as the pitch pattern. We can do this by extracting the fundamental frequency of the voiced parts of the utterance, a task which is computationally quite easy. We can then take the fundamental frequency pattern, and analyze it as the result of a set of linguistic categories with a number of specific purposes, and an algorithm which implements the categories as events in the pitch of the utterance. Two points to note here: 1) not all intonational categories have the same function; being an intonational category only means that the category has a specific and categorical effect on the pitch pattern. 2) these categories do not determine all aspects of the pitch pattern; variou s other non-linguistic differences, such as emotional state, degree of involvement in the speech, and individual differences such as ones due to sex, also affect aspects of the pitch pattern. The second is a functional abstraction. These intonational categories can be classified with respect to the two major types of prosodic functions. Prosody can be described as consisting of head mechanisms and edge mechanisms. Head mechanisms are those which act to pick out one piece of an utterance as different than its neighbors, while edge mechanisms indicate which items go with which by marking the edge of a larger grouping. Intonational categories in the English system similarly function either to pick out syllables which are more stressed than their neighbors, or to mark the final edge of a piece of an utterance which is to be interpreted as a group. Edge marking tones boundary tones and phrase tones. The intonational categories which you will likely find most intuitive are the ones which are used to mark edges. One reason for this, I believe, is that the English orthography actually writes some of these differences. For example, consider the following pair of sentences. 1) This is a test sentence. 2) This is a test sentence? If you convert these into speech (by reading them out loud), you will note a very salient difference in the pitch contour at the end. In 1) the pitch falls throughout the last word, often ending with a little bit of creaky voice, while in 2) the pitch rises throughout the last word, perhaps ending higher than anywhere else in the entire sentence. Such differences in pitch pattern reflect discourse-related differences such as is captured by the use of the question mark in 2). At a full stop, our system indicates the possibility of four different contours, the two which appear in likely renditions of 1) and 2), and two more, one which you will likely produce in the non-final members of a slowly rendered list, and one which you might produce when calling someone in for dinner. In the transcription system, you will see these represented in the following way (more or less). The fall in 1) is low throughout, and so is indicated as LL% (two lows with the % indicating the final boundary). The rise in 2) is high throughout, with a very brief rise to a super-high at the end, and so is indicated as HH% (two highs). The so-called list boundary starts low and rises slightly at the end, and so is indicated as LH%. The last one which appears in calling chants is basically high throughout, and differs from the HH% (question marker) in that it does not rise to a super high. Thus, since it is high to start with, it starts with a H, and since it is not as high as the super high at the end, it is relatively low, and so is indicated with a L%. This makes for a neat 4-way distinction as below, given with stereotypical examples of places where you might find them. (Note these are not the only places you will find them!) LL% Terminal fall statements. HH% High plateau with upped high at end covert questions. LH% Low plateau with little rise at end internal to lists. HL% High plateau with no rise to a super-high end of calling chants Head marking tones pitch accents. If you go back and reproduce the items in 1) and 2) again, and this time concentrate on the area aroundtest, you will very likely notice a large difference in pitch pattern in this region in addition to what is going on at the end. The wordtest is a critical portion of the utterance in most prosodic analyses of English, because it is the last item which bears some degree of stress, usually called tonic or sentence stress. I chose this sentence because the words test sentence form a compound, and one of the peculiarities of English compounds is that they are most stressed on the first half. Thus,test is the most stressed syllable in the last content word in the sentence. In stressed locations such as this, English speakers also implement tonal events. Such events are often called pitch accents,, pitch because they involve parts of the pitch pattern, and accents because they are involved in making a particular syllable more prominent. Stressing this syllable makes it stand out from its neighbors. Thus, the tonal events ontest are head-marking events. Here, like the boundary tones just discussed, there are tonal differences associated with different discourse conditions. In 1) you very likely will produce the stressed item with a high pitch somewhere on it, while in 2) you very likely will produce the stressed item with a relatively low pitch. Thus, the difference between vanilla statements and covert questions is not only in the presence of LL% boundary tones in one and in HH% boundary tones in the other, but also in the presence of a H accent in one, but a L accent in the other. Since there is a categorical difference in how you use pitch to stress the tonic item, you need to have a categorical difference between H* and L* accents. (The star here indicates that the tone is associated with the stressed syllable.) In addition to using relatively high and low pitch, there are more complicated rising and falling pitch accents which differ from the simple low and high accents in what they indicate. Our system captures these differences in the local use of pitch in the accent by combining Hs and Ls in various ways to get rises and falls. Thus, in addition to H* which indicates a generally high pitch around the stress and L* which indicates a generally low pitch around the stress, we can also have H+Ls (falling accents), and L+Hs (rising accents). To illustrate the difference between a simple H and a L+H, consider the following two conditions: 3)We will be having you read bunches of utterances for some obscure reason related to why anyone would be interested in linguistics. The first is a test sentence. Its just there for practice. 4)The first is not a real sentence, the first is a test sentence. In producing test sentence in 3), it is likely there will not be an appreciable rise in pitch, while in 4), where it explicitly contrasts with the precedingreal, it is likely that there will be an appreciable rise in pitch from the is a tot est. In fact, it is a general property of contrasting items that they get rendered with a relatively low pitch on the material preceding the stressed item and a sudden rise to a peak on the stressed syllable. If you read over 4) several times, emphasizing the contrast more and more each time, this rising pitch event associated witht est will become more and more apparent.. In 4) the rising accent is seen in the relationship in pitch between the items immediately preceding the stressed syllable and the pitch on the stressed syllable itself. However, there are other examples of rising pitch accents in which the low pitch predominates in the stressed syllable, and the high does not become realized until very late in the syllable or in the following s yllables. Pierrehumbert Hirschberg (1991) discuss fairly clear examples of this accent such as the following: 5) A: Alans such a klutz. B: Hes a good badminton player. Here the intended meaning of the second response is that B is not sure that playing badminton qualifies one as not being a klutz. In the intended rendition there is a low pitch onbad and a rising pitch on the immediately following syllable, and then another fall to a general low ending in LH% phrase tones. Another example they discuss is the following: 6) A: Did you take out the garbage? B: Sort of. A: Sort of!?! Here, the intended rendition of Sort of starts low inso rt and rises, and then falls and rises again at the end. The intended meaning is very much like that in 5), namely, B is not really sure what she did counts as taking out the garbage. As rendition ofsort of in the last line has exactly the same pattern as Bs, a rise throughsort followed by a fall and a rise at the end, though the rises and falls are more exaggerated. Whats important in each of these cases,badminton in 5), and both sort ofs in 6), is that the stressed syllable exhibits a distinctly low pitch and the rise which comes much later than the rise in 4). In order to annotate this difference, Pierrehumbert used the * to indicate which part of the contour is to be associated with the stressed syllable. Thus, the contour in 4) is annotated as a L+H*, since the H part appears on the stressed syllable, and the L part simply comes some time before it. By contrast, the contour in 5) and 6) is annotated as a L*+H, since the L part happens on the stressed syllable, and the H part appears some time thereafter. Pitch Range. : One final aspect of intonational modeling must also be mentioned, that is the notion of pitch range. As I noted above, the tone category sequences do not all by themselves determine the pitch contour for an utterance, but other non-linguistic (non- conventionalized) factors also affect the final realization of pitch. One approach to handling these less conventionalized effects, such as what may be due to emotional involvement, is to allow for modulation of the overall range of the pitch movements. The general approach used in most models is to specify a pitch window, which indicates the range of pitch to be used at any given time. The top of the window is where you find the Hs and the bottom of the window is where you find the Ls. This window can be affected by a number of different factors, which work in different ways. Some factors are global in that they typically affect a large portion of speech. Take, for instance, the effects of emotional involvement. When people get irate, the re is a strong likelihood that the both Hs and Ls will be higher, and that the difference between the Hs and Ls will be bigger. This larger and higher window will often affect entire sentences. You will also likely find such global shifts in window size if you examine how people do narratives which include parentheticals and quotations. Parentheticals often are rendered with a narrower window, while quotes often involve a larger window. Other factors which affect pitch range can be localized to one particular location in the utterance. The most commented upon is the effect of downstep (sometimes called catathesis). Downstep is a very regular lowering and narrowing of the pitch range which happens in the presence of the accents. In Pierrehumberts analysis, any tone which is composed of two tones (the rising L+H and falling H+L accents) also trigger downstep. You can easily imagine this effect in an emphatic rendition of the following sentence. 7)I dont want horses and dogs; I want sheep and cats. If you are contrasting horses with sheep and dogs with cats, you will very likely produce this sentence with L+H accents on all four items (probably L*+H onhorses anddogs, and L+H* onsheep andcat s). If you do so, you will also notice that the second item in each list,dogs andcat s, will both be lower in pitch than the first,horse s, andsheep. This conventionalized lowering is taken to be due to the downstepping effect of the complex rising accents. One can also see this conventionalized downstepping very clearly in phrases with multiple accents rendered in a finger-wagging lecturing style where the clear intent of the style is to indicate that you should know this by now. For example, 8) You just dont seem to get it. Insert tab A into slot B. Repeat it four times. In this situation, the rendition of the last two sentences, which we can assume have been rendered several times before in the extended discourse, will likely not exhibit huge rising or falling accents. Nevertheless, I have heard this sort sentence produced with clear downsteps between each accent. Due to sentences like these, one must conclude that the occurrence of downstep does not necessarily demand the obvious existence of rising or falling accents. In Pierrehumberts analysis, this is due to the H*+L tone category which is locally the same as a plain H*, except that it triggers the lecturing downstep effect. In other systems, such as the ToBI revision, this downstepping is marked with an explicit marker (an exclamation point placed before the affected accent.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
A Destructive Tornado Tornadoes are one of the deadliest and most unpredictable villains mankind will ever face. There is no rhyme or reason, no rhythm to itÃ¢â¬â¢s madness. Tornados are one of the most terrifying natural events that occur, destroying homes and ending lives every year. April 29th, 1995, a calm, muggy, spring night I may never forget. Jason, a buddy I grew up with, just agreed to travel across state with me so we could visit a friend in Lubbock. Jason and I were admiring the beautiful blue bonnets, which traveled for miles like little blue birds flying close to the ground. The warm breeze brushed across the tips of the blue bonnets and allowed them to dance under the perfectly clear blue sky. In the distance, however, we could see darkness. A rumbling sky was quickly approaching. We continued down the infinitely long interstate towards our destination. Thunder clouds continued to rumble in, like an ocean tide rolling closer and closer to the beach front. Within minutes the entire landscape was calm and dark. It looked like a total eclipse of the sun, and the once ... A Destructive Tornado Essay examples -- Descriptive Essay Examples A Destructive Tornado Tornadoes are one of the deadliest and most unpredictable villains mankind will ever face. There is no rhyme or reason, no rhythm to itÃ¢â¬â¢s madness. Tornados are one of the most terrifying natural events that occur, destroying homes and ending lives every year. April 29th, 1995, a calm, muggy, spring night I may never forget. Jason, a buddy I grew up with, just agreed to travel across state with me so we could visit a friend in Lubbock. Jason and I were admiring the beautiful blue bonnets, which traveled for miles like little blue birds flying close to the ground. The warm breeze brushed across the tips of the blue bonnets and allowed them to dance under the perfectly clear blue sky. In the distance, however, we could see darkness. A rumbling sky was quickly approaching. We continued down the infinitely long interstate towards our destination. Thunder clouds continued to rumble in, like an ocean tide rolling closer and closer to the beach front. Within minutes the entire landscape was calm and dark. It looked like a total eclipse of the sun, and the once ...
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The evidence of change has never been more apparent then as witnessed in the health care industry at present time. Both internal and external influences are serving to create a rapidly evolving health care marketplace that requires health care organizations to not only recognize change but be willing to incorporate a learning culture that is proactive to continuous change (Spector, 2010). The successful implementation of change is highly dependent upon how change is introduced, applied, and supported that enables old processes to be dismissed, new ideas are introduced, and a new vision that includes desired changes is accepted by all employees that it will influence (Spector, 2010). The owners of the Concord Bookshop viewed change as a stand-alone process for improving their business or the introduction of a business solution (Spector, 2010). The real application of change has to do with involving people to change a process, technology, or even organizational wide change modalities. Instead, the owners and board directed change and assumed that if it was mandated then change would be automatic (Spector, 2010). Communication A critical phase that was overlooked by Concord Bookshop is communication planning. Analytical assessments and the recognition of what changes are needed is a valid starting point, but if these changes are not communicated effectively then changes will be met with great resistance and confusion by employees, vendors, and most importantly customers (Spector, 2010). Awareness must be communicated that identifies the reason for change and the downside if change is not implemented (Spector, 2010). This awareness depends on ensuring that the communication applied is specifically designed for the audience it is intended. Communication of change will be delivered differently to front-line employees than it would be to upper management andÃ still different to vendors and customers. The owners of the Concord Bookshop communicated only to inform that change has taken place without giving anyone a chance to understand why change is needed in the first place. Sponsorship A buy-in by those most capable of implementing change is vital to ensuring a high level of change management and successful change (Spector, 2010). This is not the same as supporting change but instead is the active role of senior business leaders in involved in active participation that results in evidence of change. Management acting as agents of change can lead from the front and help identify problems, communicate, and create positive change environments. This is also an avenue to ensure the vision and direction of change is maintained throughout the change process (Spector, 2010). Resistance No matter how well the communication and sponsorship of change implementation processes is applied; there is always a level of resistance. This resistance must be managed in a proactive and timely manner (Spector, 2010). Change agents, teams, and leaders must recognize change resistance and apply proper processes and tools to support change implementation in all phases of change in an organization. The Concord Bookshop did not consider employee resistance to change and went as far as to disregard communication stating the reasons for resistance. A business that view employees as a liability and a cost, fail to see employees as human capital and assets. This view is counter to how vendors and customers view them (Spector, 2010). The Concord Bookshop represents an excellent example of how not to attempt change. If employees would have been included in the early stages of analysis to define the change required, they would have created a proactive change management environment (Spector, 2010). Instead, the surprise of change that was perpetuated upon the employees was met with across the board resistance, bewilderment, anger, and derision that resulted in the loss of many highly qualified employees and management. These factors created aÃ failure of change management where the loss of employees and resulting customers would cost the company far more than if they had taken the time to implement change management process correctly to begin with (Spector, 2010). References Spector, B. (2010). Implementing organizational change: Theory into practice (2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Maestro (Goldsworthy, P.) essays Maestro shows us that maturity is gained only through suffering. Discuss. Peter Goldsworthys Maestro focuses on the coming of age of Paul Crabbe, who slowly leaves his childhood innocence behind to enter the new world of adulthood. His pathway to maturity is described through a series of experiences, particularly with an old Viennese music teacher, Eduard Keller, or the Maestro. Near the end of the novel, where Paul is in his mid-twenties, he looks back on his transformation from a spoiled, self-indulged adolescent, to a more compassionate and more knowledgeable adult. He realises, through his own suffering and Kellers influence, that his talents are not good enough to earn him a career as a concert pianist. Pauls personality changes throughout the text. At the start Paul is corrupted by pride and the idea that he is great, almost perfect even. This self-satisfaction does wonders to boost his ego, as he predicts instant fame and fortune will fall at his feet. When he first meets Keller, he acts as if he knows everything, but Keller mocks him constantly with such comments as, you know so much for your age...and so little, and wont give in to his superficial ideals. Paul does not appreciate it when the old man honestly points out his true arrogant nature, but eventually awakens to his truth. With truth comes suffering, and suffering does play an integral part to Pauls maturity. For years, Keller has been trying to teach Paul not to expect too much. He offers words of insight and once asks him, what is the difference between good and great pianists?. He answers himself with, Not much, just a little. Obviously that little is just enough to make Paul fall short of his dreams he misses that final step that would take him to the top, simply because of his pride. In the end he fails to achieve musical success. ...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Tourism Essay Writing What is a Tourism Essay? Tourism essay is a type of writing that explains, narrates or recommends relevant touristic information. For example, you spend an awesome vacation in Paris and your teachers want you to inform your fellow students about what you saw, what you liked, what impressed you, what is worth visiting, what is not and so on. From this perspective, an essay about your touristic impressions is a task that meets that objective. For this reason, students can receive tasks to write about their touristic experiences. Tourism essays can be written at various complexity levels that might differ significantly depending on the level of the paper. For instance, a high school level tourism essay will require students to provide a general account of events and provide the reader with very basic information about the place of interest, its attractions, impressions and the like. A masters level tourism essay is highly likely to be a proper research paper centered on tourism. A paper of such caliber, depending on the requirements, will require the writer to provide in-depth analysis of the regions touristic potential, analyze main reasons and problems that visitors encounter during their stay, discuss or explain touristic infrastructure of the place and so on. Bottom line is the writer will need to put much more effort in order to provide a quality product that meets the academic standard. What is Tourism? Tourism is defined as travel for social, business, medical and other purposes and involves living outside your normal living environment and last no longer than one calendar year. Stemming from the purpose, we can define various types of tourism, e.g. recreational, medical, business, religious, space, sex, safari and other kinds of tourism. According to the World Tourism Association, the top three most visited countries are the United States of America, Spain, and China. These are the locations that attract most tourists from other parts of the world. Here is one more example of tourism essay: Essay about Traveling Need a Tourism Essay? If you need to write an essay on tourism, youve come to the right place. Whatever your topic and level of complexity, we will be happy to help. Weve got the people, the experience and the technology needed to achieve the best result possible. We have been successfully writing essays on various topics, including tourism, since 2005 and guarantee you a top-notch end product. We know how to structure essays, know how to format them according to MLA, APA and/or other writing styles. Briefly, here is how writing at is done: You send us a request via the order page (or a simple email inquiry prior to ordering a paper). We review your request and respond with a preferable timeline, and if something is missing will ask you to supply the missing information (or will ask more questions). Once we have made sure the paper contains complete instructions, we assign a writer to work on it. If he or she has any questions, they will be sent to you via the messaging board of the customer control panel. Once the paper is complete, it will be scanned to plagiarism and emailed to you. In case you request any changes to the paper, we will gladly incorporate them as a part of our revision policy. We guarantee you that your experience with will be enjoyable and that you will be satisfied with the outcome.
Monday, November 4, 2019
Theory and Practice in Management - Essay Example The levels of authority given to different individuals in an organisation are mainly determined by the structure of the organisation and the type of power used in any given organisation often determines the overall performance of the employees as well as its productivity levels. There are mainly six types of power that are popular and these include: coercion, position, reward, support, knowledge and interpersonal (Krausz 1986). Coercion is based on fear or punishment where the responsible authorities would seek to ensure that all the members comply with the given instructions while position is related to the status of a person in the hierarchy of the organisation. Reward is based on the capacity to offer incentives on good performance while support is concerned with influencing the involvement of peers or workmates. Knowledge is based on the skills possessed by an individual and interpersonal is mainly concerned with communication skills by a particular individual. Adaptive organisations which emphasize the flexibility to adapt to change can enhance creativity while bureaucratic, mechanistic or rigid structures will inhibit creativity Woodman (1995). An organisation which has a flat structure often promotes creativity and it helps promote easier communication and information sharing. In some cases, the appropriate reward system is essential for motivating employees to become innovative. When the employees have freedom and authority to participate in decision making process, they will have a positive attitude towards creativity and innovation. Open systems that promote participation and interaction also allow the free flow of information which in turn promotes mutual understanding among the employees. For instance, a case study of Ernest and Young showed that the organisation managed to increase employee retention level by about 9 % after the company began introducing open systems that gave autonomy to the workers while at the same time offerin g rewards
Friday, November 1, 2019
Write 2 suggestions for each of the 6 Dimensions of Wellness that would be beneficial for easing into the aging process - Assignment Example Emotional- this includes self esteem, self confidence and satisfying relationships that leads to a person having emotional wellness. Maintaining emotional health requires monitoring your thoughts and feelings (Hettler 23). Emotional wellness is a dynamic state that influences all the dimensions of health. Intellectual- The height of intellectual health includes openness to novel ideas, capacity to think critically and the willingness to master new skills. In order to enjoy intellectual health, one should never stop learning (Hettler 27). One realizes new experiences and challenges as he actively solves them. Environmental Ã¢â¬â a personÃ¢â¬â¢s health is dependent on his surroundings. There are various threats that challenge our environmental health and this includes UV radiation and different forms of pollution. To have an environment that is healthy, one should try to avoid such hazards by eliminating them or avoiding them. Social Ã¢â¬â social health is very important as it also helps in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s physical and emotional health. There is need for mutual affectionate and offering support to other people. Good communication skills will help someone to develop interpersonal skills. This will cultivate the aspect of caring for