Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Settling the Northern Colonies Vocabulary Essay Example for Free

Settling the Northern Colonies Vocabulary Essay1. privy Calvin1. Protestant loss attraction2. Created dominant religion of American settlers3. Wrote theories in Institutes of the Christian Religion2. Anne Hutchin countersign1. Lived in mamma bespeak dependence2. Promoted antinomianism3. Banished and forced to walk and settle on Rhode Island3. Roger Williams1. Wanted to break from the Church of England2. Though Massachusetts Bay colonization was unfair to the Indians banished3. Built Baptist Church in Rhode Island complete freedom of religion and shelter for Jews, Catholics, and Quakers4. henry Hudson1. face explorer2. Filed a Dutch claim to what he thought was a shortcut d cardinal the continent3. Employed by the Dutch East India caller-out5. William Bradford1. Lived in Plymtabooh2. Elected G everyplacenor3. Feared the non-puritan settlers6. rooster Stuyvesant1. Led a small Dutch military expedition2. Called the Swedish Settlement that he took fresh capital of The Nether lands3. Forced to surrender with prohibited firing a single shot by an English squadron7. doubting Thomas Hooker1. Prominent Puritan colonial leader2. Founded the Colony of Connecticut3. Outstanding speaker and a leader of universal Christian suffrage8. William PennFounded the Colony of Pennsylvania fagot Charles II handed over a piece of his American land to satisfy a debtImproved relations between whites and Indians9. commode WinthropFirst governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and served for 19 yearsSuccessful attorney and manor house lord in EnglandEagerly accepted dischargeer to be fix a governor because he believed he had a calling from God to lead the new religious experiment10. King Philip (Metacom)Massasoits sonForged an intertribal unityMounted a series of coordinated assaults on English villages11. John CottonMassachusetts Bay minister who was prominent among the early clergyPuritan who immigrated to Massachusetts to avoid persecution for his reproach of the Church of EnglandDevoted his education to defending the governments duty to enforce religious rules in the Bay Colony12. Sir Edmond AndrosEnglish military manGenerated much hostility because of his open affiliation with the Church of EnglandTaxed the mint without apply and strove to enforce the Navigation Laws13. William and MaryEnglish rulersKicked James II out of England (exiled into France), and allowed more power to legislatures terminate the principle of brisk England, giving power back to the colonists14. MassasoitWampanoag chieftainSigned a treaty with the Plymouth PilgrimsHelped the Pilgrims stay fresh their first Thanksgiving15. Fernando GorgesAttempted to colonize PlymouthPlymouth was absorbed by Massachusetts Bay after a purchase by the Gorges heirsWas called the Father of English Colonization in North America16. Myles StandishSoldier of spateIndispensible as an Indian fighter and negotiatorOne of the nonbelongers17. Martin LutherGerman Friar who ignited a blast of religio us reform, the Protestant ReformationNailed his protests against Catholic philosophical systems to the door of Wittenbergs cathedral in 1597Denouncing the authority of priests and popes, he declared that the Bible al wholeness was the source of Gods word18. SquantoTaught English by a ships captainBefriended the settlersFacilitated Cultural Accommodation19. FranchiseAn authorization granted by a government or company to an individual or group enabling them to carry out stipulate commercial activitiesThe right to voteThe territory over which such a license extends20. PredestinationThe doctrine that God has foreordained all things, especially that God has elected certain souls to eternal salvationThe shaper decree foreordaining all souls to either salvation or damnationThe act of God foreordaining all things byg cardinal before and to come21. FreemenA somebody who is entitled to full political and civil rightsA person who is non a slave or serfA person who enjoys political and civi l liberties22. evident saintsPeople who appeared to be godlyChristian people who would go to heaven when they diedStrict Puritans in colonial days only allowed visible saints to worship with them. They were revered because they were open about their beliefs23. ConversionSpiritual change from sinfulness to righteousnesschange from one religion, political belief, viewpoint, etc., to anotherThe act or routine of converting earth of being converted24. Doctrine of a CallingA doctrine believed by John Winthrop instructing him to do Gods workSent from GodMany Puritans believed it also told them to do Gods work25. CovenantAn agreementA formal compose agreement between two or more people, businesses, countries, etc a usually formal, solemn, and cover songAgreement26. AntinomianismThe theological doctrine that by confidence and Gods grace a Christian is freedfrom all laws one who holds that below the gospel dispensation of graceThe moral law is of no use or obligation because faith alo ne is necessary to salvation one who rejectsA socially established morality27. Sumptuary LawsLaws think to restrain or limit the expenditure of citizens in apparel, food, furniture, etc.Laws which regulate the prices of commodities and the wages of laborLaws which negative or restrict the use of certain articles, as of luxurious apparel28. Salutary NeglectAn informal and long-lasting British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentaryLaws meant to keep the American colonies obedient to EnglandA blockage of time in which Britain left the Colonies alone29. Passive resistanceNonviolent opposition to authority, esp. a refusal to foster with legal requirements. resistance especially to a government or an occupying power characterized mainly by noncooperationA way of opposing the government without using violence especially by refusing to obey laws30. city upon a hillreligious utopia that would be acclaimed and imitated across the Old orbit initially invoked by English-bo rn Puritan leader John Winthrop A City upon a Hill is a phrase from the parable of Salt and lax in Jesuss Sermon on the Mount31. Protestant EthicThe view that a persons duty is to strive success through hard work and thrift, such success being a sign that one is saved. an ethic that stresses the virtue of hard work, thrift, and self-discipline important factor in the economic success of Protestant groups in the early stages of European capitalism32. Dutchificationto make Dutch in quality or traitsthe process of turning things DutchTo render more Dutch33. Protestant ReformationInspires many new religions as it made its way through Europe. Inspires Calvinism in Geneva, migrates to England and inspires Puritans. Started by Martin Luther after he posts his complaints about Catholics on a church door 34. Great Migration70,000 refugees flee England in the 1630s.Groups of Puritans and many others leave for religious freedom. Charles I and Archbishop inebriate calls Protestants swine roo ted from Gods vineyard 35. Glorious RevolutionDethrones unpopular Catholic James II, enthrones Protestant ruler of Netherlands William third and Mary II Dominion of refreshed England collapses in the colonies Andros tries to escape valve in womans clothing but is caught and direct to England. Puritans lose control of Massachusetts, English James II supporters hold American governing positions are outrage and stopped the rise of local American leaders. 36. Pequot WarBetween Pequot Tribe and colonists in the Connecticut River Valley. Colonists whacking the tribe and establish four decades of uneasy peace between Native Americans and colonists. English critics call out the Puritans.37. Dutch golden ageDutch West and East Companies thrive.Takes an aristocratic tinted government and controls majority of in the buff York and Caribbean. Leads to invasion from English and Swedish.38. PilgrimsMake a religious journey like Old Testament with Moses.Protestants from England and capital o f The Netherlands that separated from the Church of England that were called Separatists, wanted Calvinism Create Mayflower Compact as their self-government since they did not go to charted land sowere not controlled by the King, only members of church can vote (religious intolerance) 39. reinvigorated England unionDefense against Native Americans, Dutch, and French.First time colonies and colonists work together.Had to fight without British support in the English Civil War. 40. CalvinismStarts in Geneva and makes it way to England during Protestant Reformation. Protestants like Calvinists ideas and want the Reformation to move at a faster pace so that Calvinist ideas can be put in place. render signs of conversion- receipt of Gods free gift of saving grace 41. Massachusetts Bay ColonySettlers are educated and mainly Puritan, come from the Great Migration. Protestant work ethic- delayed gratification, if they work hard now they forget be rewarded later Elected government but on ly male church members can vote.42. Dominion of New EnglandImposed from London in New England, New York, East and West Jersey, Sir Edmund Andros is in charge. Promoted aptitude in the administration of the English, places heavy restrictions on courts, press, and schools. Revokes all land titles and collects taxes without consent. Glorious Revolution ends the Dominion Andros tries to escape in womens clothes. 43. The ElectSelect that are predestine to go to heaven didnt know if they were or werent sought signs of conversion Anne Hutchinson claims that they dont have to follow laws or work. Calvinism religion44. PuritansFormed during Protestant Reformation in England.Adopt Calvinist views, share extreme views and interpretation of Bible.Extreme Puritans become Separatists and come to New public and start new colonies.45. General CourtPuritan controlled court in MassachusettsEarly form of Puritan democracyElected by Freemen46. Dutch West India Company located in West IndiesCaptures S panish ship with $15 million worth of loot aboard.Establishes New Netherlands off the Hudson for fur trading and buys Manhattan.47. SeperatistsExtreme Puritans who threaten to leave Church of England.Get kicked out of England and sent to Amsterdam then migrate to New World, Set up Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colony.48. Bible Commonwealth take in for Bay Colony, Quakers cause religious indifferences they are punished and hung Anne Hutchinson preaches antinomianism and is banished.Roger Williams speaks out against Puritanism is banned but escapes and starts Baptism in Rhode Island49. Quakers (Religious friendship of Friends)Escape from Massachusetts Bay Colony where they are being punished.Start colonizing in Pennsylvania under William Penns ruleWelcome any type of people hand out flyers in England looking for people to come to Pennsylvania.50. MayflowerBoat that brought over first Pilgrims, poor quality boat.Mayflower Compact is written on it.Sixty five day trip with 102 passenge rs.51. French HuguenotsDissent from French Protestant adopts Calvinism, not allowed in New World.Had little toleration in Europe, fled to colonies after Protestantism was outlawed in 1685.Over 10,000 killed in Europe52. Scottish PresbyteriansDissent of Scottish ProtestantsNo religious toleranceWerent allowed to come to New World53. Church of EnglandRuled by King until Pope is placed in charge but King controls the PopeThose against the Church of England were hung, they fled to New WorldCatholic Church.54. Congregational ChurchNo ties with England purely ran by Puritan colonistsSelf- governing Puritan church with no connection to Anglican ChurchStarted in New England along with democratic government55. Institutes of the Christian ReligionWritten by John Calvin in Latin in 1536Introductory to the Protestant religionAttacks certain Catholic beliefs56. Navigation LawsLimits colonies from trading with other countries beside EnglandIncreases smuggle and upsets many colonistsSalutary Negle ct- weakly enforces the Navigation Laws57. Mayflower CompactDrafted by Puritans coming to the New World that wanted self- government 40 something white males sign it (members of the church)First real drafted form of government in the colonies58. Fundamental OrdersEstablished in New EnglandSets up a regime democratically controlled by the citizensmake to make New England the best and biggest colony59. Plymouth BaySet up by Separatists from Amsterdam, originally kicked out of England Democratic government but only male members of the church can voteLess undefeated than Massachusetts Bay Colony60. New NetherlandSet up by Dutch West India Company in the West Indies after they get $15 million from Spanish ship they capturedSet up for fur trading on the Hudson RiverLed to the purchase of Manhattan61. New AmsterdamRun by Dutch company interested in stocksSettles first Jews in its aristocratic tinted civilizationGets in disputes and wars with English, Swedish, and Native Americans62. New S wedenSwedish invade Dutch land and take itDutch rebel and regain landNew Sweden fades away along with Swedish rule in colonies63. Penns WoodlandLiteral meaning for Pennsylvania conjure up given by the King who wrote the charter for William Penn For Quakers or any other people wanting to go the colonies but not interested or accepted in what the other colonies were offeringBest advertize colony in Europe64. ReconciliationRestoration of friendly relationsThe action of making one view or belief compatible with another. Returning to faith or harmony after booking

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