Sunday, March 31, 2019
The Modernization Of China And Its Impact Environmental Sciences Essay
The Modernization Of mainland China And Its Impact Environmental Sciences EssayThe issue of spheric warming started means back in the early 1990s and since then there has been maturement international concerns on combating worldwide warming. In a step to perplex all nations on board, United Nations Framework Convention on humour Change (UNFCC) was established in 1992, in Rio de Janeiro (Yu, 2008). The main objective of accordance was to deliberate on reducing green house gases emanations by various(prenominal) countries worldwide and especially those countries who are the main emitters of degree Celsius paper. Because of the direct link of this treaty to the parsimoniousness, many an(prenominal) nations are skeptical on signing to the treaty. Yu (2008) asserted that, moderateness of climate change will be achieved by substantial quislingism under the UNFCCC (P.1).Global warming has had a potential negative suck in-to doe with on the chinas environment. It has been found that since 1990, china has experienced environmental degradation receivable to this global warming. In fact Yu (2008) said that due to the adverse inwardness on the chinas environment, their leaders have had to rethink more about the issue. in that location are many effects of global warming such as environmental degradation, sea level rise and severe endure patterns that may lead to coastal flooding. Today chinaware is believed to be whizz of the worlds defiler of environment owing to its growth in economy boosted by qualified supply coal and rock oil production (Yu, 2008).Interestingly, global warming is caused by human activities such as use of oil, fossil fuels, and burning of coal which leads to release of carbon dioxide and green house gases into the atmosphere. The highschool proportion of this carbon dioxide in the atmosphere generates extreme global warming (Maslin, 2004). Sadly, rise in temperature in the planet-earth- poses a potential threat to the exis tence of human beings. Negal (1994) sight that the advancement of technology and economic growth and modernization has to a vauntingly extend contributed to the global warming. He warns that global warming and unusual weather patterns threaten the very existence of the globe (p.98). Nagel (1994) when writing about Asiatic development and public policy, describes china as being confronted with two interrelated challenges maintaining technological advancement duration combating ecological catastrophe generated by this technology.The enlarge in Chinas population over the years has conduct to the increase in the environmental contamination. According to Nagel (1994), about sixty cities in China have badly been affected by smog and factory emissions (p.199) and some cities in the Northern part projected high levels of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. Because of uprising demand for use of coal and oil, China is certainly predicted to have a significant increase in emission o f Carbon dioxide. About 12.0 one thousand thousand tons in 2030, which will be the highest ever attained by any nation have been projected (Lloyed, 2009, p.51). Lloyed warns that, if Chinas projected emission is what to go by, then it will be impossible to control the effects of global warming, however much, other countries try to minimize their emissions.Although china is one of the exceedingly populated countries in the world with over 1.2 billion people, it is also one of the sufferingest (Harris, 2003). To support this growing population, China increase its industrial growth which translated to change magnitude supply of food and other necessities within the country. According to Harris (2003), issue of global warming in China has aroused due to the modernization of economy and diversification of energy to feed the growing modernization. In respect to this, China increased its energy use by 208 percent between 1970 and 1990, while coal rose by 69.9 percent (Harris, 2003). Ev entually, China recorded round 13.4 percent of the world carbon dioxide emissions which rated them as the second, after the United States, largest maker in the world.The Chinas policy on energy is informed by the schema of increasing production and supply. In 1980s, China started facing acute paucity of energy due to its growing industries other sources of energy that are economic and viable were needed urgently to boost the energy shortage. Therefore they resorted to oil which was easily available and required little amount of capital. To be specific, china uses a lot of coal in their industrial sector as compared to other nations in the world where their alternative sources of energy such as electricity are being used. Harris (2003) says that Chinas energy has been misused by users because of its scurvy price policy of coal, inefficiency of industrial machines such as boilers which burn coal, and poor infrastructure (p.47)The outcome of all this overuse and misuse of energy was a serious environmental catastrophe. Harris (2003)described that China encountered serious wet shortages, land degradation, water pollution but among the most serious environmental problems is atmospheric pollution (p.47). In addition, respiratory complications increased due to pollution of air caused by incomplete combustion of coal from industries. There was also destruction of crops, woods and fisheries accelerated by unprecedented levels of acid rain (Harris, 2003).In conclusion, the Chinas modernization has had adverse impact on global warming. To start with, industrial expansion of China sparked high demand of fuel.In response to this demand, China increased supply of coal and oil. The rise in demand for the use of these carbon emitters fuel has had a devastating effect on China and level(p) global climate change. Carbon dioxide and greenhouses gases which origins from burning of coal and oil, rises the earth temperature. The high emission of carbon dioxide in China ha s been caused by three primal factors low pricing policy of coal in China which led to the less conservation of energy by industries low efficiency level of machines used by Chinese industries to burn coal and poor infrastructure. It is predicted that by 2030, China will be the leading producer of carbon dioxide with suppose 12.0 billion tons. The ramifications of this will be felt in so many generations to come. This is a collective responsibility for every nation towards the protection of the forthcoming generation. Therefore all nations should commit themselves in reducing the carbon dioxide emission to the environments.
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