Saturday, March 30, 2019
Problems In Policy Implementation Policy And Education Education Essay
Problems In Policy Implementation Policy And instruction Education testIn a growing economy like UAE, there is a vital desire for numerous numbers of policies to regulate this growth and carry on with it. The direct effect of this growth is increase in the number of expatriates comp bed to guinea pigs those expatriates be from different heathen backgrounds that have their impact on the informational organization in UAE and the increase in demand for new educational policies to bus the problem of ethnical diversities in directs. Education constitution refers to the collection of laws, rules, and regulations that fall out the operation of education systems. Education occurs in many forms for many purposes through and through many institutions (early childhood education, kindergarten through to 12th grade, two and four category colleges or universities, graduate and professional education, adult education and job training). Education insurance insurance insurance can d irectly affect the education people engulf in at all ages, it includes tutor size, class size, school choice, school privatization, tracking, instructor education and certification, instructor pay, teaching methods, curricular content, diversity in class, graduation requirements, school infrastructure investment, values that schools ar expected to conserve and model, globalization challenges .The goals of new educational policies argon to provide all children with an mate educational opportunity under the change magnitude pressure of diversities within classrooms. The standard form _or_ system of governing in general essential include the responsibility are required changes in our methods of thinking and approaching education in such(prenominal) a way that all people are respected. More intercultural brain and an awareness of social and global knowledge volition need to be actively incorporated into our educational curriculums. Not only is knowledge of early(a) cultu res required but also creative and critical thinking go out be developed to acknowledge a leak new policies involving fittedities in multicultural education (Bennett, 2010). In UAE, we cant say that there is one single policy to circle with the problem of increasing in diversities at schools in UAE, and each school has its own policy to deal with this problem.The need for policyTharp (1994) states that The increasing diversity of cultural and ethnic free radicals in schools has led to a double increase in job for the implications of this demographic shift for education .Most of the schools in UAE are focusing on culture in their policies they are discussing how to create suitable educational culture in the classrooms and friendly atmosphere away the classrooms to increase levels of inter follow ups between the savants. cultural diversity is considered a major(ip) concern for many schools and it differs from school to another(prenominal) based on the types of students they have, and from what cultural backgrounds they come. Cultural diversity and Multicultural education is an idea, an approach to school reform, and a exploit for equity between students, social justice, and diverse cultural recognition that is needed in order to adapt with the globalization movement. Specialists within diverse cultural education emphasize different components and cultural groups. However, a probatory horizontal surface of consensus exists within the field regarding its major principles, concepts, and goals. A major goal of multicultural education is to restructure schools so that all students acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to habit in an ethnically and racially diverse nation and world (Multicultural Education, 2010). effective and idealistic policy will increase the focus on cultural diversity will table service schools in maintaining educational equity for members of diverse racial, ethnic, cultural, and socioeconomic groups, and to facil itate their participation as critical and reflective citizens in an inclusive national civic culture, but is there an existence of such policies at schools in UAE? The awareness of cultural diversity concept in education tries to provide students with educational experiences that enable them to maintain perpetrations to their community cultures as well as acquire the knowledge, skills, and cultural capital needed to shape in the national civic culture and community.Policies at offstage schools in DubaiThere are many policies related to cultural diversities at private schools in Dubai, but the focus will be on the policy at DIS that is dealing with the issue of cultural diversity in and after-school(prenominal) the classrooms. Social development culminates in its expansion to a global magnitude, where students federal agency themselves and their culture in an international perspective, understands and accepts cultural specifics and differences, and assume the individual and nati onal responsibilities towards international cooperation (DIS, 2010). This acknowledgment is an example of how private schools in Dubai are referring to cultural awareness in their policies, but questions on the factors interfering in policy formation, like rules and believes of the surrounding environment, capital punishment and the relevant instruments rise immediately into discussion. This quotation is the policy of how to deal with cultural diversity at DIS, but it is considered footling to express everything related to its values, alike general, it lacks of murder techniques, and it is considered implicit. Who put the policy and who will implement it, are considered major issue for the success of the policy I will represent a sample of Institutional perspective on educational policy and practice ( figure 1, Scott and Meyer 1994), and what are the major parties convolute is any policy from settings, implementation, monitoring and amenable for giving feedback. Institutional scheme offers a much nuanced lens for examining the organizational and institutional conditions that mediate these reforms, and how they do or do not cause their ways into classrooms. Namely, as represented in Figure 1, institutional theory draws attention to the broader cultural forces that help define the major parties involved in every policy (Patricia Burch, 2007). The major concern here is that the schools which refer to cultural diversity and awareness in their policies are not aware of it, and if they are aware there is no clear methods of implementations and evaluating. Each policy is affected by the surroundings (stakeholders), that may interfere directly or indirectly in setting the policy, schools in Dubai are facing a problem of cultural diversity, but what are the ascendants of going over this problem. Mentioning it in the policy is a part and solving is another part (words vs. action), and it is allowed for single school to take it own action in solving the pro blem without governmental interference. The policy is set by people in saddle who may interact by each involving others in implementing it, or force others to implement it. Those people in charge are responsible for any change in the policy.Figure 1How does the Policy view Culture?You can feel it within transactions of entering a school the behavior of the students, the attitude of the teachers, the care for the fleshly plant, the artifacts of discovery, encyclopedism, curiosity, community, expression and intellection that adorn the walls of the place, it is obvious that this is a place where younker people and teachers learn (Bill Schubart 2010). Good policy moldiness include the characteristics of secure and learning culture that is aware to students from diverse culture and give them fitted chances of learning, and increase their moxie of awareness towards each others. Good educational and learning culture is not driven by high property taxes, escalating school budgets, federal or state legislation, national testing, trustworthy buildings, nice classes or teachers unions. It is a modeled behavior set by leadership in the school, followed by a critical mass of the teaching body, all of whom are accountable for the culture and spread it by their own example and experience, their commitment to a community of learning, removing cultural diversities and barriers between students, their respect for one another and for their students (Schubart, 2008).What is the teachers role in implementing and adopting the policy?The diversity in classrooms presents unique opportunities and significant challenges for teaching. Students in UAE schools are with a wide variety of skills, abilities, and interests and with varying bunchentials in various areas. The wider the variation of the student population in each classroom, the more complex the teachers role becomes in, teaching, organizing, motivating and controlling students to ensure that each student has access to high-quality learning . The ultimate goal of any teacher is to pass off suitable approach to every student in the classroom, and try to set off him in a way to get the best from him. To reach that goal, teachers need assistance, training and well designed curriculum that must fit the call for of all students. Many schools have prepared their teachers to deal with diversity cases in their classrooms and leave it for the teacher to evaluate the situation and find the suitable solution to eliminate those diversities in order to get the best from students, and increase their sense of belonging. The policy at DIS doesnt mention any point related to the teacher role in the implementation of the policy, how it will be applied, what other parties to be involved (supervisors and parents), and the changes in curriculums to facilitate the implementation process. This implicit policy is considered too short to discuss every single aspect related to the problem and put pressure on teachers t o figure out personal solutions to deal with diversities in their classrooms. Those solutions are not standard they vary from teacher to teacher and from class to class. Good policy doesnt give margin for such variations it must have clear values, well articulated, the action required from this policy must be stated, and the methods of implementation must has to included in the policy.Where are the errors of implementation? (Implementation Gap)The policies in general are clear, written in a good professional language, and they are considered part of schools mission. The problems are not in the policy or its values only, but in the implementation of those policies, and the lack of discourse between various parts responsible for applying the policy. There could be implementation geological fault as a result of many factors, which could arise from the policy itself, the policy maker, or the environment in which the policy has been made. Implementation gap can arise from the policy it self when such a policy emanates from government rather than from the channelise groups. By this, it means that planning is top-down. And, by implication, the target beneficiaries are not allowed to contribute to the training of the policies that affect their lives, the target groups could be the teachers, students, and families (Makinde, 2005). Another cause of implementation gap is the failure of the policy makers to take into consideration the social, political, economic and administrative variables when analyzing for policy formulation, as I referred in the beginning of this paper there is gap between private and open schools polices concerning cultural policies, public schools that are only attained by nationals with unite curriculum all over the country, put less pressures on those schools to slang cultural diversities between their students.ConclusionSchools in UAE are considered melting pot of students from diverse cultural backgrounds that need a suitable polices to ac hieve equal educational opportunities that will help them to realize other cultures, and increase students nudeness to diverse cultures. Polices alone without the suitable instruments of implementation is considered useless, good implementation is considered find out success for any policy that put policy in action. Considering targeted group in setting the policy and involving them will increase its credibility and make the implantation easier to a certain extent. The policies must be clear, written in a good professional language, and they are considered part of schools mission. The problems are not in the policy or its values only, but in the formulation and implementation of those policies, and the lack of communication between various parts responsible for implementing the policy.
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